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ㄕㄢˋ [shan4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  To arrogate to oneself, to claim arbitrarily: 兵,[shan4bing1], [shan4qUan2]↓.
(2)  To make special claim to: 專 to be law unto oneself, also to excel in some specialty;
不敢美 dare not claim all credit to oneself.
AdvArbitrarily: 自作主 act arbitrarily;
敢 dare without permission (open letters, etc.);
便 [shan4bian4]↓.
Words1.便 [shan4bian4], adv., arbitrarily: 便行事 act arbitrarily. 
2.兵 [shan4bing1], phr., (of governors) hold independent military power. 
3.場 [shan4chang3], v.i., to excel in some field. 
4.長 [shan4chang2], v.i. & n., to excel; one's speciality (in some field). 
5.權 [shan4qUan2], v.i., to hold absolute power, to hold power illegally (as eunuchs in certain periods). 
6.國 [shan4guo2], v.i., (AC) to rule country as sovereign. 
7.利 [shan4li4], v.i., to enjoy monopoly in trade. 
8.命 [shan4ming4], phr., to arrogate power to oneself, be defacto ruler.