An Annotated Bibliography
Complied & Annotated by Chiu-yee Cheung
Japanese War Crimes & Atrocities in China, 1931-1945
(Last update: 22nd April 1999)
NOTE: Entries arranged according to chronological orders of the original publication date under different topics.
Chinese sources include information in GB. To distinguish between Japanese troops and Japanese people, all titles of mainland Chinese publications refer specifically to the Japanese troops which invaded China. I have tried to reflect this in the translations.
Transliteration of Japanese names have not been vigorously checked.
War Atrocities in General
Timperley, H. J. (compl. & ed.) What War Means: the Japanese Terror in China: A Documentary Record, Victor Gollancz, London, 1938. 288pp.
Russell of Liverpool, Lord. The Knights of Bushido: A Short History of Japanese War Crimes Illustrated, A Corgi Books, London, 1966.
Originally published by Cassell, 1958. Includes "The China Incident", pp. 43-52. Materials based on Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal.
Honda, Katsuichi. The Journey to China, tr. Gong Niannian, Sihai Chubanshe, Hong Kong (Oct 1972), 336pp.
Title in Chinese: 本多胜一：《中国之行》，龚念年译，香港：四海出版社。
Federation of Veterans Returned from China (ed.). Invasion--Confessions of Japanese War Criminals, tr. Yuan Shaoying, Shandong Renmin Chubanshe, Jinan, Jul 1985, 150pp.
Furimoshi Marubashi. "Productive Use of Horror," in Cries for Peace, compiled by the Youth Division of Soka Gakkai, The Japan Times, Tokyo, 1978, pp. 134-36.
A "journey" to unvail all major Japanese atrocities in China. Japanese origin published by Asashi Shinbum (Jul 1972).
A former soldier of the Japanese Imperial Army admitted that "it was impossible for us to distinguish Chinese military and the ordinary civilian citizen, we were ordered to capture everyone we found." "The Japanese military undeniably did grave harm to the Chinese people. We cannot erase our responsibility by making mere apologies. No matter what the orders, in the final analysis, it was the individual who actually acted. Consequently, none of us has the right to deny all blame."
Ienaga Saburo. The Pacific War 1931-1945, Pantheon Books, New York,1978.
Also published as Japan's Last War: World War II and the Japanese, 1931-1945, by Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1979. Includes a note about the rise of Japanese histroy revisionism.
Pritchard, R. John & Sonia Maghanua Zaide (eds). The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, A Garland Series, New York, 1981-87, 27 vols.
See JSJAAC, No. 1 (1990).
Obata, Yukio. Invasion--Testimony of Japanese Army Reporters, tr. Zhou Xiaomeng, Shijie Zhishi Chubanshe, Beijing, 1985, 225pp.
Federation of Veterans Returned from China (ed.). Confessions of Japanese Troops Invaded China, tr. Zu binghe & Huo Jun, Qunzhong Chubanshe, Beijing, Oct 1985, 172pp.
Title in Chinese: 自中国归还人员联络会编：《日军侵华的自白》，祖秉正、霍军译，群众出版社。
Xianggang Wen hui bao (ed.). Atrocities committed by Japanese Troops in China, 1985, 80 pp.
Japanese origin title: A New Collection of the War to "Kill All, Burn All, Take All", published in Aug 1982.
Title in Chinese: 香港《文汇报》编印：《日军侵华暴行录》。
Wang Yujun. "The Cultural Destruction by Japanese Troops During the War", Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Jindaishi Yanjiusuo jikan (June 1985), pp. 327-47.
Title in Chinese: 王聿均：《战时日军对中国文化的破坏》，《中央研究院近代史研究所集刊》。
Montgomery, Michael. Imperialist Japan: The Yen to Dominate, Christopher Helm, London, 1987.
Includes a section on the Rape of Nanjing. The most interesting part of the book is its insights into the real implications of the hansei of Japanese right-wing nationalists: military power is not enough to conquer the world; the real power is yen.
Zuolu (ed.). Records of Massacres by Japanese Troops in China, Jiefangjun Chubanshe (July 1989).
Atrocities committed by Japanese Troops in Henan, Henan Renmin Chubanshe, 1989. 401pp.
Title in Chinese: 《侵华日军在河南的暴行》，河南人民出版社。
The Central Archive etc (eds.). Massacres in Northern China, Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju, May 1995, 721pp.
Yuki Tanaka. Hidden Horrors: Japanese War Crimes in World War II, Westview Press (1996)
More than 2 dozens of massacres, each involved killing of hundreds of civilians, were committed by the Japanese in Hunan alone.
The Great Nanjing Massacre
Rabe, John. Der gute Deutsche von Nanking, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt GmbH, Stuttgart, 1997.
English translation: The Good German of Nanking: The diaries of John Rabe, tr. John E. Woods, Ed. by Erwin Wickert, Little, Brown and Company, London, and Alfred A. Knopf, US, 1998, 294pp.
Hata Ikuhiko. The Truth of the Great Nanjing Massacre, tr. Yang Wenxin, Shangwu Yinshuguan, Jun 1995, 255pp.
Mei Ru'ao. "The Truth of the Great nanjing Massacre", Baixing 1981 No. 4 (16 July), pp. 36-40.
Moriyama, Yasupei. The Great Nanjing Massacre and the War to "Kill All, Burn All, Take All", tr. Tianjin Shi zhengxie bianyi weiyuanhui, Sichuan Jiaoyu Chubanshe, Chengdu, Nov 1984, 169pp.
Hora Tomio. The Great Nanjing Massacre and the Kill All, Loot All, Burn All War, tr. Zhu Lianghong & Zhu Agen, Shanghai Yiwen Chubanshe, Aug 1987, 422pp.
Chinese translation: 秦郁彦：《南京大屠杀真相》，杨文信译，商务印书馆。
The author argues that the number of victims is between 38 to 42 thousand only.
Title in Chinese: 洞富雄：《南京大屠杀》，朱良鸿、朱阿根译，上海译文出版社。
Sone, Ichio. My Experience in the Great Nanjing Massacre, tr. Chen Huikun, Liming Wenhua Shiye Gongsi, Taibei, n.d. (1986?), 226pp.
The Japanese origin published in December 1982. A detail refutation to Japanese history revisionists' denial of the Massacre.
Title in Chinese: 曾根一夫：《南京大屠杀亲历记》，陈惠坤译，黎明。
Photos of the Great Nanjing Massacre Committed by the Japanese Troops, Nanjing Renmin Yinshuachang, 1985. 68pp.
The most detail confession of the Massacre to expose the lies of the right-wing militarists. Japanese origin published in 1984(?)
Title in Chinese: 《侵华日军南京大屠杀照片集》，南京人民印刷厂。
Source Materials of the Great Nanjing Massacre Committed by the Japanese Troops, Jiangsu Guji Chubanshe, 1985. 487pp.
Title in Chinese: 《侵华日军南京大屠杀史料》，江苏古籍出版社。
Gao xingzu. Atricities Committed by Japanese Troops in China-The Great Nanjing Massacre, Shanghai Renmin Chubanshe, 1985. 115pp.
Title in Chinese: 高兴祖：《日军侵华暴行—南京大屠杀》，上海人民出版社。
Xu Zhigeng. The Great Nanjing Massacre, Hong Kong: L焭hou Chubanshe, 1987. 292pp.
Title in Chinese: 徐志耕：《南京大屠杀》，绿洲出版社。
Archival Documents Related to the Great Nanjing Massacre Commited by the Japanese Troops, Jiangsu Guji Chubanshe, 1987, 708pp.
Jointly published by Kunlun Chubanshe, Beijing. English translation: Lest We Forget: Nanjing Massacre, 1937, Chinese Literature Press, Beijing, 1995.
Title in Chinese: 《侵华日军南京大屠杀挡案》，江苏古籍出版社。
History of the Great Nanjing Massacre Committed by the Japanese Troops, Jiangsu Guji Chubanshe, 1987. 246pp.
Title in Chinese: 《侵华日军南京大屠杀史稿》，江苏古籍出版社。
Defending Nanjing--Memoirs of Kuomintang Generals , Beijing: Zhongguo Wenshi Chubanshe (1987).
Title in Chinese: 《南京保卫战》，中国文史出版社。
Grief and Indignation, Tears and Blood--Personal Experience in the Great Nanjing Massacre, Beijing: Shishi Chubanshe, Jun 1988. 205pp.
Buruma, Ian. "Nanking," in Wages of Guilt: Memories of War in Germany and Japan, London: Vintage (1995), pp. 112-35.
The Great Nanjing Massacre, Hong Kong: Wide Angle Press, 1995. 68pp.
Includes thirteen articles about the Massacre, pp. 228-320.
Title in Chinese: 《南京大屠杀》，广角镜出版社。
Gao xingzu. "The Debate about the Great Nanjing Massacre in Japan: Fifty Eight Years", Nanjing Daxue xuebao, 1995 No. 3 (30 Jul), pp. 1-15.
Title in Chinese: 高兴祖：《五十八年的回顾：日本关于南京大屠杀事件的争论》，《南京大学学报》。
Bingzheng. "A Few Witnesses of the Great Nanjing Massacre", Chunqiu, 1995:8, pp. 21-3.
Title in Chinese: 秉正：《南京大屠杀的几个目击证人》，《春秋》。
Sun Zhaiwei. "Japanese Militarism and the Great Nanjing Massacre", Jianghai xuekan,1995 No. 6 (10 Nov), pp. 135-41.
Title in Chinese: 孙宅巍：《日本军国主义与南京大屠杀》，《江海学刊》。
The Central Archive etc (eds.). The Great Nanjing Massacre, Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju, Jul 1995, 1086pp.
The Central Archive etc (eds.). The Great Nanjing Massacre: Photos & Evidence, Changchun: Jilin Renmin Chubanshe, Jul 1995, 295pp.
Hicks, George. The Comfort Women: Sex Slaves of the Japanese Imperial Forces, Allen & Urwin, London, 1995. 265pp.
Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. Collected Materials about Comfort Women, Otsuki Shoten, 1992.
Title in hirakana: Jugun ianfu shiryoshu/ henshu kaisetsu.
See the bibliography at WCCW.
Materials on the Trial of Former Serviceman of the Japanese Army Charged with Manufacturing and Employing Bacteriological Weapons, Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, 1950.
The Central Archive etc (eds.). Germ Warfares and Gas Warfares, Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju, Sep 1989, 833pp.
Williams, Peter, & David Wallace. Unit 731: The Japanese Army's Secret of Screts, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1989. 366pp.
The first full report of the Unit and its crimes. The authors have also made a documentary with BBC exposing the BW "experts" who are still alive.
The US edition by Macmilan deleted the chapter about Korea War.
Chinese translation by Wu Tianwei.
Han Xiao and Xin Peilin. The Criminal History of Unit 731, Ha'erbin, Heilongjiang Renmin Chubanshe, June 1991. 358pp.
Title in Chinese: 韩晓、辛培林：《日军七三一部队罪恶史》，黑龙江人民出版社。
Harris, Sheldon H. Factories of Death. Japanese Biological Warfare 1932-45 and the American Cover Up, Routledge, London, 1994. 297pp.
Butler, Gil. "Japan's Germ Warfare Camp: Visiting Unit 731 Site" (15 Jun 95) VOA correspondence
Gold, Hal. Unit 731: Testimony, Charles E. Tuttle, Tokyo, 1995.
McLaughln, Ken. "The Mukden Files: POWs claim germ warfares cover up by US", Mercury News (13 Aug 1995)
Kristof, Nicolas D.Unlocking a Deadly Secret (17 Mar 1995), New York Times.
Japan's History Revisionism
Yang Qiqiao. "The Views of Some Japanese about the Second Sino-Japanese War", Japan's Chinese Migrants, Sanlian Shudian, Beijing, Mar 1987, pp. 334-41.
Title in Chinese: 杨启樵：“某些日本人对中日战争的看法”，载《日本的中国移民》，北京：三联书店。
Tan Ruqian (ed.). Protesting Japan's Distortion of History: Selected Publications in Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, Hong Kong: Mingbao Chubanshe (November 1991).
Title in Chinese: 谭汝谦编：《反日改史怒吼集》，香港：明报出版社。
See Ienaga Saburo, Hora Tomio, & Gao Xingzu (1995) above.
Bu Ping. "Ienaga Saburo and Japan's Textbook Lawsuit", Shehui kexue zhanxian, 1995 No. 5, pp. 60-65.
Title in Chinese: 步平：“家永三郎和日本教科书诉讼案”，《社会科学战线》。
The Journal of Studies of Japanese Aggression Against China, Society for Studies of Japanese Aggression Against China.
Title in Chinese: 《日本侵华研究》
Studies of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Invasion.
Studies of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Invasion.
First published in 1990. Includes English and Japanese abstracts and TOC. Probably ceased publication in 1994. Address: 110 Mark Court, Carbondale, IL 62901. Tel: 618-549-4993.
Back to Reading Room