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ㄘㄞˊ [cai2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Ability, aptitude, natural gift: 能,幹,力,etc., [cai2neng2], [cai2gan4], [cai2li4]↓;
,詩 literary, poetic gift.
(2)  Person in regard to capability, personality, character: 人 useful person;
沒有人 lacking in capable men;
practical ability, person with such ability;
(contempt.) slave;
(abuse) dullard, idiot, imbecile;
小用 an able man given a small job;
,高 great talent;
小有 (person) gifted with a fair degree of cleverness, possesses certain but limited abilities;
難 really able men are difficult to come by;
(closely related 材 timber, 10B.00).
Adv(1)  (Emphatic assertion, similar to German doch) indeed: 那我不怕 I'm certainly not afraid of that;
妙了 would indeed be fun (if it should happen);
是我所喜歡的人 you (not anybody else) are the one I love.
(2)  Just, just now (in place of awkward character 纔): 剛 just now;
晴又雨 sky has just cleared and now it rains again;
要開飯客人來了 just as we were sitting down to dinner, a guest appeared.
Words1.氣 [cai2qi4] ([cai2qi0]), n., rich talent, brilliance of mind. 
2.情 [cai2qing2], n., great ability, esp. litr. aptitude. 
3.調 [cai2diao4], n., see [cai2qi4]↑. 
4.分 [cai2fen4], n., inborn ability. 
5.幹 [cai2gan4] ([cai2gan0]), n., practical ability. 
6.華 [cai2hua2], n., see [cai2qi4]↑. 
7.智 [cai2zhi4], n., wisdom and ability. 
8.具 [cai2jU4], n., aptitude, capability (of person). 
9.力 [cai2li4], n., force of personality, spirit. 
10.略 [cai2lUe4], n., resourcefulness, political ability. 
11.貌 [cai2mao4], n., personal appearance as reflecting ability. 
12.名 [cai2ming2], n., literary reputation. 
13.能 [cai2neng2], n., natural gift, talent, litr. or practical ability. 
14.人 [cai2ren2], n., talented scholar. 
15.士 [cai2shi4], n., good scholars. 
16.學 [cai2xUe2] ([cai2xUe0]), n., ability and learning, person's scholarship. 
17.思 [cai2si1], n., brilliance in writing. 
18.藻 [cai2zao3], n., see [cai2si1]↑. 
19.子 [cai2zi3], n., (1)  brilliant writer; (2)  子佳人小說 popular romance with a handsome scholar and a pretty girl. 
20.悟 [cai2wu4], n., aptitude for understanding. 
21. [cai2ying3], n., intellectual brilliance. 
22.媛 [cai2yUan2], n., a gifted maiden. 

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ㄕˋ [shi4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Affair, business, matter: 務,件,[shi4wu4]2, [shi4jian4], [shi4qing2]↓;
affair: 這件 this affair, this business;
,家 national, family affairs;
personnel (problems);
,私 public, private affairs;
all: 萬如意 have all one's wishes;
風流韻 a romantic affair, a scholar's gathering;
不干己 the affair does not concern one;
急,忙 matter is urgent, business is pressing;
半功倍 half the work with double results;
倍功半 twice the work with half of results.
(2)  Fact, event, happening: [shi4shi2]↓;
與願違 events do not happen as one wishes;
過境遷 events have passed and times have changed;
出有因 this happens not without reason;
前,後 before, after the event;
happy event (wedding, celebration);
紅白 happy and unhappy events;
故,[shi4gu4], [shi4duan1]↓.
(3)  Trouble, accident, undesirable event: 出 have an accident (in travel);
cause trouble, a row;
平安無 all is well;
之秋 year of many troubles;
化為小,小化為無 reduce a big trouble into a small one, and a small one into nothing;
save trouble;
takes a lot of doing;
少管閒 don't meddle in others’ affairs;
造謠生 cause trouble by spreading rumors;
生非 be meddlesome;
close a dispute, lawsuit;
寧人 stop dispute and live and let live;
,起 start rebellion;
到如今 things have come to such a pass that.
(4)  Matter in gen., matters: 這是怎麼一回 What is all this? 醫 medical matters;
politics, government;
military matters or affairs;
take charge of matters;
historical matters;
,趣 anecdotes;
sexual intercourse;
(5)  Oft. part of title: 董,理 board directors;
executive officer, secretary or manager;
formerly, official interpreter of foreign language;
(LL) oft. used in letters like 先生 you, sir;
men in charge;
縣知 county magistrate.
V(1)  To do: 不農商 will not take up farming or a trade;
生產 does not attend to business or hold a job;
教育 devote oneself to education;
無所 do nothing all day.
(2)  To serve: 親,君 serve parents, ruler.
Words1.變 [shi4bian4], n., sudden turn of events (relellion, coup d'etat, etc.) 
2.情 [shi4qing2], n., (1)  course of events, story; (2)  ([shi4qing0]) affair, event: 這件情 this affair; 沒有情 nothing has happened; 有什麼情 what is up? 
3.權 [shi4qUan2], n., duties and responsibilities (of an official), legal power in a case. 
4.端 [shi4duan1], n., an event, a dispute: 引起端 causes disputes. 
5.故(兒) [shi4gu4]([er0]), n., an affair; some trouble. 
6.蹟 [shi4ji1]1, n., record of events, a person's activities. 
7.機 [shi4ji1]2, n., crux of a situation, happenings behind the scenes. 
8.件 [shi4jian4], n., an event, an item of business: 這些件交給你 you will take charge of these several items; 件發生 something happens. 
9.主 [shi4zhu3], n., party in an accident dealing or lawsuit. 
10.兒 [shi4er0], n., see [shi4qing2]↑. 
11.例 [shi4li4], n., case history, case law. 
12.略 [shi4lUe4], n., brief biographical sketch. 
13.項 [shi4xiang4], n., item of business, see [shi4jian4]↑. 
14.先 [shi4xian1], adv., prior to event. 
15.勢 [shi4shi4]1, n., trend of events. 
16. [shi4shi4]2, pron., everything: 小心 be careful in everything. 
17.實 [shi4shi2], n., fact: 實如此 that is the fact; n., 實上 [shi4shi2shang4], adv., as a matter of fact, factually (impossible, etc.). 
18.畜 [shi4xU4], v.i., (LL) to serve (parents) and raise (children). 
19.態 [shi4tai4], n., the look of things, situation, circumstances. 
20.體 [shi4ti3], n., business (important, unimportant): 單,複雜 matter is simple, complicated. 
21.物 [shi4wu4]1, n., things, articles, objects: 各種物 different things (coats, umbrellas, etc.). 
22.務 [shi4wu4]2, n., business, business duties, gen. affairs; 務員 (also wr. 庶務) man in business office in charge of business side (outings, arrangements, etc.); 務所 business office (as of lawyer, doctor). 
23.樣兒 [shi4yang4er0], n., look or appearance of things: 成什麼樣兒 what will it look like? 
24.業 [shi4ye4], n., (1)  a man's business or life work, career; (2)  business enterprise: 公共業 a public enterprise. 
25.宜 [shi4yi2], n., (official) event, case, subject dealt with. 
26.由 [shi4you2], n., story (of event, dispute, etc.); n., 由兒 [shi4you2er0], n., some kind of work or event: 什麼由兒他也做 he'll take up any kind of work. 

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ㄘㄨㄣˋ [cun4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NAn inch (cf. 吋 English inch): 三丁 a three-inch nail, (fig.) a pint-sized person;
金蓮 81.30;
square inch, also heart: 方已亂 my heart is already upset;
立方 cubic inch;
dimensions of anything;
尺有所短,有所長 every man has his strong and weak points.
Adj(1)  Very small in amount: 手無鐵 a man unarmed (“not a scrap of metal”);
步難行 cannot walk a step;
地 a wisp of territory;
絲不掛 totally nude;
腸 my little thoughts or feelings;
紙 a short note;
刻,晷 even a brief moment (must be utilized);
功 humble achievement or service;
進 small progress;
草不留 complete devastation of land.
(2)  (Coll.) just right, right moment: 他來得真 he comes just at the right time.
Words1.衷 [cun4zhong1], n., (LL) my heart, innermost feelings. 
2.口 [cun4kou3], n., (Chin. med.) a person's pulse on the wrist. 
3.心 [cun4xin1], n., see [cun4zhong1]↑. 
4.田 [cun4tian2], n., the heart (from 心田). 
5.子 [cun4zi0], n., (Chin. opera) false sole worn by actress. 
6.陰 [cun4yin1], n., a few minutes, a very short time (to be valued for study and not squandered.) 

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ㄓㄨㄢ [zhuan1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A surname.
(2)  Short for 門學校, see [zhuan1men2]↓: 商 commercial college;
college of physical culture;
universities and technical schools.
VTo monopolize, take possession alone: 美 monopolize credit, enjoy credit alone;
權,[zhuan1qUan2], [zhuan1zheng4]↓;
掌其事 take charge of matter alone.
Adj(1)  Concentrated, devoted: 用心不 is not devoted to one thing: 心,誠,一, [zhuan1xin1], [zhuan1cheng2], [zhuan1yi1], [zhuan1zhuan1]↓.
(2)  Special, -ly confined to one subject or area: 長,[zhuan1chang2], [zhuan1li4]↓;
門,[zhuan1men2], [zhuan1ke1]↓;
攻歷史 specialize in history;
精,擅 be specially good at some field;
對他一人說 talk specially to him along;
此 (end of letter) the above is what I write about specially;
望 I wait or hope specially;
差,足 by special messenger;
用線 Lines for special use, private line;
律 special laws;
條 special clause.
(3)  Arbitrary, high-handed, tyrannical: 橫,[zhuan1heng4], [zhuan1zhi4]↓;
arbitrary, willful.
Words1.差 [zhuan1chai1], adv., by special messenger. 
2.長 [zhuan1chang2], v.i. & n., to specialize in, be good specially at (oratory, criticism, etc.); a specialty: 那是他的長 that is his specialty. 
3.車 [zhuan1che1], n., special car or train. 
4.誠 [zhuan1cheng2], adv., specially: 誠拜訪 make a special trip to call on s. o.; 誠奉復 write a reply specially. 
5.寵 [zhuan1chong3], v.i. monopolize ruler's favor. 
6.權 [zhuan1qUan2](1)  n., full power to do s. t.; (2)  v.i., to become absolute head of government. 
7.電 [zhuan1dian4], n., special or direct telegram. 
8.斷 [zhuan1duan4], adj., arbitrary (in decisions). 
9.橫 [zhuan1heng4], adj., arbitrary, intolerant, overbearing. 
10.政 [zhuan1zheng4], n., autocracy. 
11.征 [zhuan1zheng1], v.i., formerly, to enjoy full powers in the field for all military decisions. 
12.家 [zhuan1jia1], n., a specialist. 
13. [zhuan1zhuan1], adv., specially: 對他吩咐 specially told him (to do s.t.). 
14.制 [zhuan1zhi4], n., absolute monarchy; dictatorship; tyrannical government. 
15.科 [zhuan1ke1], n., special department or subject; 科學校 technical or professional school or college. 
16.閫 [zhuan1kun3], n., formerly, an army commander with full powers in his jurisdiction. 
17.欄 [zhuan1lan2], n., (newspaper) column, feature. 
18.利 [zhuan1li4], n., monopoly in trade, patent. 
19.賣 [zhuan1mai4], n., ditto. 
20.門 [zhuan1men2](1)  n. & adj., a specialized science; n. & adj., a specialty; 門學校 a technological or professional school or college; (2)  adv., specially: 門與我作對 obssessed in opposing me. 
21.命 [zhuan1ming4], adv., formerly, without waiting for orders from above. 
22.名 [zhuan1ming2], n., (gram.) proper noun. 
23.任 [zhuan1ren4], v.t., specially appointed to take full charge of (department, case, affair, etc.); adj. & n., full-time job, opp. 兼任 concurrent. 
24.人 [zhuan1ren2], adv., by special messenger. 
25.擅 [zhuan1shan4], v.t., specialize in, be especially good at (playing flute, etc.); take things into one's own hands, act without authorization from superior. 
26.心 [zhuan1xin1], adv., with concentration, devoted purpose. 
27.修 [zhuan1xiu1], v.i., to specialize in study: 英文修學校 school of English, or specially for English only. 
28.使 [zhuan1shi3], n., special emissary of government. 
29.司 [zhuan1si1], v.t., see [zhuan1ren4]↑. 
30.才 [zhuan1cai2], n., specialist, person specially good at s.t. 
31.祠 [zhuan1ci2], n., temple specially in honor of s.o. 
32.業 [zhuan1ye4], n., special vocation. 
33.一 [zhuan1yi1], adv., with single mind and purpose. 
34.員 [zhuan1yUan2], n., an official (“specialist”) attached to some ministry for a temporary or nominal job. 

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ㄌㄧˇ [li3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  (lii zi0) (Bot.) the plum, Prunus salicina: peaches and plums. (fig.) one's students: 桃滿天下 with students all over the world;
代桃僵 (orig. allu.) two persons suffering for one another, (now) girl replaces another as wife;
瓜田下 or 下之嫌 be found in a suspicions position.
(2)  A surname.
星 a comet.

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ㄅㄟˋ [bei4 (*ㄅㄛˊ [bo2).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adv(*[bo2]) U.f. 勃 suddenly.

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ㄑㄧㄝˋ [qie4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VTo take by the hand, to lift or lead by hand: 提 to lift or carry, (fig.) 提綱領 to give the main points (like “drawing a net in by its main lines and taking a coat by its collar”);
眷南下 bring one's family south;
出紅塵 lead a person away from this mortal life;
缾之知 (AC) trivial knowledge.
Words1. [qie4qie4], adj., (AC) in a hurry. 
2.領 [qie4ling3], v.t., (1)  to bring, lead (children, family); (2)  提綱領, see V.t.↑. 
(1)  To pull, to hinder by pulling back: 後腿 hinder progress by “pulling leg”;
(2)  To strike like lightning: 風馳電 to pass or strike swiftly like the wind or lightning.

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ㄔㄜˋ [che4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Words1.肘 [che4zhou3], v.i., to tug at elbow to prevent action. 
2.曳 [che4yi4], v.t., to drag along. 
(1)  To strike, hit: 罐 to beat a drinking cup and sing;
柝 (of night watchmen) beat the rattle and go the rounds;
楫 to vow to bring peace to the country (allu. to the story of 祖逖);
築 to strike the strings of an ancient lute;
鼓 to strike a drum;
缽催詩 celebration of festive occasions by poets writing poems within set time limits;
to pound, to hammer;
to beat, to strike a heavy blow;
重重一 give (s.o.) a pounding;
hit with a stick or club;
to fence;
to wrestle, engage in hand-fight scuffle;
to shoot;
bombard with guns or from the air, (fig.) criticize severely;
沈 to bombard and sink (a ship);
落敵機 to down an enemy plane;
(2)  To combat, to fight: 攻 to attack, also attack, criticize in writing;
to wage guerrilla warfare;
打游 (now also)sponge meals on friends;
戰爭 guerrilla warfare;
mount a sudden attack;
make a surprise raid;
敗 defeat;
聲東西 feign attack on the east and strike on the west.
(3)  Come in contact with: 目 see with one's own eyes.

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ㄐㄧˊ [ji2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Words1.節 [ji2jie2], v.i. & t., as in 節稱賞 to clap and applaud. 
2.賞 [ji2shang3], v.t., ditto. 
3.刺 [ji2ci4], v.t., (1)  stab with a sword; (2)  (of troops) fight with swords and spears. 
(1)  To climb: 鞍上馬 mount a horse, (lit.) mount by clasping saddle;
附 (權貴) attach onseslf to (persons in power) as a means of securing promotion;
龍附鳳 (LL) attach oneself to dragon and phoenix, with similar meaning;
高親 to marry into rich, well-known family;
try to make friends with those higher-up;
不上 dare not, be unworthy to seek connections with (persons);
桂 (LL) formerly, to succeed in civil examinations (“win the laurel”);
花折柳 phr., to philander.
(2)  To implicate (accomplice) at court by accused: 他一口 make such statements, also 供.

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ㄆㄢ [pan1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Words1.纏 [pan1chan2], v.t., to keep annoying by inappropriate talk, request. 
2.親 [pan1qin1], v.i., to betroth, discuss betrothal. 
3.登 [pan1deng1], v.i., climb up. 
4.析 [pan1zhe2], v.t., break branches: 不准折 do not pick flowers, break branches. 
5.緣 [pan1yUan2]1, v.i., (Budd.) be distracted by material world, like monkeys swinging from branch to branch. 
6.援 [pan1yUan2]2, n., seek help from those on top. 
7.輿 [pan1yU2], v.i., to surround carriage of departing magistrate in affectionate farewell. 
Peel off the bark of hemp (麻).
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A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄓㄨˊ [zhu2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(Bot.) 白 91.41.
(1)  Number 8 in duodecimal cycle, see Appendix A.
(2) 時 1:00-3:00 p.m.

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ㄨㄟˋ [wei4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adv(1)  Not, yet, have not yet (contrast 不 do not, will not): [wei4ceng2]↓;
能 have not been able to;
過目 have not seen it yet;
遇 failed to see him on visit;
嫁 not yet married;
成年 under age, or a minor;
和約成 negotiations have not yet been concluded;
老先衰 old before one's age;
之前聞 never heard of it;
之有也 there never was such a thing.
(2)  (LL) at the end of a sentence, equals “or not?”: 寒梅著花 have the plum flowers come to bud yet?
Words1.便 [wei4bian4], phr., it's not convenient to. 
2.必 [wei4bi4], phr., is not sure (to, that), not definitely (usu. conjecture): 必來 is not sure to come; 必看見這件 (s.o.)may not have seen this letter. 
3.嘗 [wei4chang2], adv., never: 嘗對他說過 never told him; used in double negative: 嘗不是 can't say that it is wrong, it is quite right, see [wei4ceng2]↓. 
4.定草 [wei4ding4cao3], n., author's manuscripts which are not final, also 定稿. 
5.冠 [wei4guan4], adj., (AC) not yet mature, before the “capping ceremony” (冠禮). 
6.遑 [wei4huang2], phr., have not had time to (do): 遑執筆 have not had the time to write you a letter. 
7.婚妻 [wei4hun1qi1], n., fianc 
8.幾 [wei4ji3], adv., (1)  soon after, in a short time; (2)  (LL) not much or many (=無幾 ). 
9.經 [wei4jing1], phr., have not yet (gone through) : 經閱過 have not read it yet. 
10.及 [wei4ji2], phr., not in time for, have not had time to; have not had time (to prepare, to answer your letter, etc.). 
11.知數 [wei4zhi1shu4], n., an unknown quantity or number. 
12.來 [wei4lai2], n., the future, time to come; n., 來的 adj., future (luck, etc.). 
13.了 [wei4liao3], adj., unfinished (business). 
14.免 [wei4mian3], adv., (1)  can’t say that it isn't (tactful expression for “is”): 免過份 is rather too presumptuous; (2)  could not help: 免答他兩句 could not help saying a word or two in reply; 免多情 could not help being sentimental. 
15.能 [wei4neng2], adv., could not: 能免俗 phr., (court.)have to follow the customs. 
16.然 [wei4ran2], adj. & n., before event, before it happens: 防患於然 prevent trouble before it happens. 
17.入流 [wei4ru4liu2]. adj., out of the run; (of writers) not yet known or recognized. 
18.若 [wei4ruo4], phr., it would be better to (sell it, recognize its existence, etc.). 
19.悉 [wei4xi1], phr., (in letters) do not know (how you are, etc.), =知. 
20.詳 [wei4xiang2], phr., is not expressly stated, not told: 情形詳 do not know the details. 
21.遂 [wei4sui4], phr., (plan, wish) not realized or fulfilled. 
22.曾 [wei4ceng2], adv., never: 曾見過 never saw, have never seen. 
23.完 [wei4wan2], phr., not yet finished. 
24.亡人 [wei4wang2ren2], n., widow in self-reference (person who is due to die but “hasn't yet”). 
25.央 [wei4yang1], phr., (the night) is not far spent yet. 
26.有 [wei4you3], phr., there never was: 有如此作法 it was never done like this. 

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ㄇㄛˋ [mo4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Last part (versus 本 foundation): 本 beginning and end: 物有本,事有終始 there is a proper sequence of foundation and end-results, of first and last things;
德者本也,財者也 character is the foundation and wealth follows;
倒置 put first things last or last things first.
(2)  Dust, powder (oft. [mo4zi0], [mo4er0]): 粉筆 (兒) chalk powder;
麵包兒 bread crumbs;
茶葉 tea-leaves dust;
medical powder.
(3)  Name of old man's role in Chin. drama.
Adj(1)  Last in time : 了 at the end;
班車 the last train or bus;
年 the last years of a period;
葉 the last generations of family, last part of century or dynasty;
流,代 last generations.
(2)  Last in place: 座,位,席 the lowest seats at table.
(3)  Last in importance: 技,藝 small arts;
策,計 the last resort after other methods fail;
議 insignificant criticism, (modest) my humble views;
官 (modest) your humble servant, self-reference of official to superior.
Words1.後 [mo4hou4], adv., later, after that. 
2.減 [mo4jian3], v.t., commute sentence, lighten punishment. 
3.節 [mo4jie2], n., unimportant details. 
4.了(兒) [mo4liao3]([er0]), adv., at the end. 
5.流 [mo4liu2], n., later and usually corrupted stage of movement. 
6.路 [mo4lu4], n., the end, death (of plans). 
7.命 [mo4ming4], n., last will (oral). 
8.了 [mo4mo4liao3], adv., at the very end. 
9.日 [mo4ri4], n., the Judgment Day. 
10.梢 [mo4shao1], n., small end, extremity; n.,梢神經 nerve endings, peripheral nerves. 
11.世 [mo4shi4], adj., last or declining years; 世論 [mo4shi4lun4], n., eschatology. 
12.學 [mo4xUe2], n., shallow scholar, -ship: 學後進 the younger superficial students; (oft. modest) one's own scholarship. 
13.俗 [mo4su2], n., (derog.) modern customs; latter-day fashions or fads; decadent ways. 
14.尾 [mo4wei3], n., end (of event, thing). 
15.業 [mo4ye4], n., lower professions (traditionally, commerce and industry). 

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ㄓㄨ [zhu1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA surname.
AdjVermilion, scarlet: 唇皓齒 red lips and white teeth;
傅粉塗 facial make-up of powder and rouge;
者赤 phr. (fig.) be influenced by close association.
Words1.陳 [zhu1cheng2], phr., 結陳之好 marriage of two families, from AC allu., the clans and 陳 traditionally married into each other. 
2.黃 [zhu1huang2], n., “yellow and red”colors used in revising or correcting text-hence the work of correction. 
3.紅 [zhu1hong2], adj., scarlet. vermilion, a shade paler than 大紅 deep red. 
4.槿 [zhu1jin3], n., (bot.) red hibiscus (=扶桑 10A.81), described as similar to the mulberry. 
5.欒 [zhu1luan2], n., (LL) the pomelo (=文旦) . 
6.鷺 [zhu1lu4], n., (zoo.) a crane with white pinkish body, Nipponia nippon
7.輪 [zhu1lun2], n., red carriage wheels of noble or rich family, see [zhu1xUan1] ↓. 
8.門 [zhu1men2], n., “vermilion gate,”(fig.) a rich mansion: 門酒肉臭 (allu.) meat is allowed to spoil in rich men's homes (while wayfarers die of cold). 
9.墨 [zhu1mo4], n., red ink (made of cinnabar): 墨套印 bicolor printing in black and red. 
10.儒 [zhu1ru2], n., see 侏儒 91A.001. 
11.砂 [zhu1sha1], n., cinnabar, used as red ink and medicine. 
12.軒 [zhu1xUan1], n., red-painted carriage of the noblemen. 
13.紫 [zhu1zi3], n., the noblemen and those of high official rank (in vermilion and purple costume). 
14.顏 [zhu1yan2], n., pink face, referring (1)  to beautiful women; (2)  to youth or in 顏皓髮 healthy old age. 
15.殷 [zhu1yin1], adj., (AC) deep red. 

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ㄌㄟˇ [lei3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA plough: 耜 ploughs and plowshares;
耨 plough and rake.
A surname.

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ㄌㄞˊ [lai2 (*ㄌㄞˋ [lai4). [Pop. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  Come: [lai2wang3]↓;
exchange of visits, goods, gifts, etc.;
往往 come and go;
而不往 not to pay a return call on s.o.;
歸去兮 (LL) I am homeward bound;
魂兮歸 (LL) may the spirit of the deceased come back to us! [lai2hui2]↓;
跑去 be ever coming and going;
[lai2dao4], [lai2lin2] ↓;
領獎 come forward to receive a prize or award;
也好 it’s just as well that s.o. hasn't come;
吧 come over here;
呀,吧 come come;
眼去 exchange glances between them.
(2)  V.i., do: 得及 can be done, there is time enough;
不及 cannot be done, time won't allow it;
一下 come and try it;
you come and try;
will you join us? 不了 won’t do it, won't come, give up;
,亂,瞎 you are making a mess of it;
wasted one's time in coming;
照樣再一回 let's do it over again;
這一套 don't give me that! 慢,慢慢 ed it slowly, take your time;
這樣一,這一 by so doing, in this way.
(3)  V.t., bring, let's do (s.t.): 酒,飯 bring some wine, rice;
他五斤 let me have five catties;
八圈 (of mahjong) let's play eight rounds;
兩盤 (of chess) let's play a couple of games.
(4)  (*[lai4] (Interch. 徠) v.t., to comfort, encourage (s.o.) to come over to one's side.
Vb(1)  Used after vb. to complement its meaning: (a) be able to, be worth: 說不上 don’t know how to say it, don't remember it now;
辦不 be unable to do it;
買不 be unable to buy it;
搶不 be unable to get it by fair means or foul;
趕不起 be unable to finish it in time;
做不 don't know how to do it;
合得 be able to get along with (s.o.);
(b) be worth the effort or money;
花得 be not worth the money;
花不 be not worth it.
(2)  Expressing an action begun: 颳起風 a wind starts blowing;
鬧出事 have got into trouble;
打起架 a fight has broken out;
提起筆 take up a pen to write.
(3)  Having the sense of “having done!”: 你同誰吵嘴 with whom are you quarrelling?你剛才說甚麼 what were you saying just then?
(4)  Oft. equiv. Eng. “to”: 看,想,說,聽好笑 it's ridiculous to see it, to think of it, to speak of it, to hear it;
話長 it's a long story to tell.
(5)  Expressing direction toward speaker: 走過 come over here;
拿張紙 bring a piece of paper;
please come up;
please come down.
(6)  With 去 (一一去) having the sense of “over,” “about,” “in both directions”: 唸唸去 read it over and over again;
想去 after thinking it over;
寫去 write it over and over again.
(7)  Used as a final particle: 盍歸乎 (AC) why not come home?你這是何苦 why have you done such an abominable thing? 為的甚麼 what have you come or done such a thing for?
Adj(1)  Future, later on: [lai2nian2], [lai2ri4]↓;
春 next spring;
月 next month;
歲 next year;
[lai2shi4]2, [lai2sheng1]↓.
(2)  (Of person or thing) coming, incoming;
[lai2ren2], 使 [lai2shi3], [lai2zhe3]↓;
函,札,翰 your letter;
情去意 mutual expressions of affection;
送往迎 be busy welcoming and bidding good-bye to friends.
Adv(1)  About, approximately: 三十歲 about 30 years old;
個 approximately ten or so;
長 about one foot long.
(2)  As (big, small, etc.) as: 你色膽有天大 your daring in sex exploits is fantastic( “big as the sky”).
Special formations(1)  Forming words meaning “since,” “originally”: 本,原 original(ly);
(2)  Part of n. denoting time: 近 recent(ly);
,未 in the future;
later on;
the other day;
,而 since then;
,向 usually, in the past.
(3)  Adv. conj., in order to, so that, to: 唱個歌湊熱鬧 sing us a song (in order) to make the party more lively (equiv. 以 in LL);
開口說話 open one's mind and (to) talk.
(4)  In enumeration: 一,二,三 firstly, secondly, thirdly.
Words1.賓 [lai2bin1](1)  n., guest(s); (2)  v.i., (AC) come as guest(s). 
2.禽 [lai2qin2], n., (bot) the apple, Pirus malus var. tomentosa (also 林檎 ). 
3.去 [lai2qU4], n., (1)  a round trip; (2)  distance between two places; (3)  friendly contacts and intercourse. 
4.到 [lai2dao4], v.i., arrive at, come to (place). 
5.得 [lai2de0], v.i., as usual followed by a complement: (1)  have the capacity for, be able to: 他很得一兩杯 he is able to drink quite a few cups; (2)  act or speak with great force: 你這一句話得利害 your words are most telling; 這一招兒得好 this move (parry) of yours is well aimed; (3)  happen, come: 得不巧 happens at the wrong (unfortunate) moment. 
6.頓瓶 [lai2dun1ping2], n., a Leyden jar or vial. 
7.附 [lai2fu4]1, v.i., submit as vassal state. 
8.復 [lai2fu4]2, n., a seven-day cycle (as used in the Book of Change; 復鎗 a rifle (translit. also 福槍). 
9.服 [lai2fu2], n., (bot. MC) the turnip (also 萊服)=modn. 蘿 蔔[luo2bo0], 20A.11 
10.稿 [lai2gao3], n., manuscript submitted to an editor. 
11.歸 [lai2gui1], v.i. & t., (1)  (AC) (of women) be married into husband's home; (2) submit as vassal; (3)  return, come home. 
12.亨雞 [lai2heng1ji1], n., the Leghorn. 
13.回(兒) [lai2hui2] ([lai2huerer0]), n., return: 打回 make a return trip; 回一趟 ditto; 一個回 a return trip; 去的 ever coming and going; 回票 a return ticket. 
14.朝 (1) [lai2zhao1], n., (AC) tomorrow; (2)  [lai2chao2], v.i., (LL) come to pay homage or tribute. 
15.著 [lai2zhe0], aux. vb., expressing a continuing or completed action: 他說甚麼著 what has he been saying? 聽見說你認得他著it's said that you know him. 
16.者 [lai2zhe3], n., (1)  anything in the future: 者猶可追 (AC) the future is yet for oneself to shape or mold; (2)  anyone who has come: 者不善,善者不 (AC) those who have come are not friendly, those who are friendly have not come; 者不拒 all comers welcome. 
17.件 [lai2jian4], n., incoming communication or other articles received. 
18.今 [lai2jin1], n., days to come. 
19.客 [lai2ke4], n., guests, visitors. 
20. [lai2lai0], v.t., try to do (s.t.): 他做的不好,你看 if he doesn't know how to do it, you come and try. 
21.歷 [lai2li4], n., a person's background, career. 
22.臨 [lai2lin2](1)  v.i., come, arrive; (2)  n., advent, arrival. 
23.路 [lai2lu4], n., (1)  see [lai2li4]↓; (2)  anything from abroad: 路貨 imported goods. 
24.龍 [lai2long2], n., (geomancy) a hill exerting a decisive influence (in selecting a site for a building or grave): 龍去脈 a sequence of events, cause and effect. 
25.牟 [lai2mou2], n., (AC) wheat and barley. 
26.年 [lai2nian2], n., next year. 
27.派 [lai2pai4], n., onset, first symptoms (of a disease): 這病的派可不輕: the disease comes with serious first symptoms. 
28.人 [lai2ren2], n., (1)  a messenger, bearer of note; (2)  in 人兒 middleman in business deals or employment service. 
29.日 [lai2ri4], n., (1)  tomorrow; (2)  the future: 日方長 there are many days yet to provide for or think about; 日大難 difficult days are ahead. 
30.生 [lai2sheng1], n., future life. 
31.手 [lai2shou3], n., the bearer of a letter: 請交手帶下 please give to the bearer. 
32.示 [lai2shi4]1, n., (court.) your letter or note (same as 諭). 
33.世 [lai2shi4]2, n., (1)  later generations; (2)  future life. 
34.事 [lai2shi4]3, n., future events. 
35.勢 [lai2shi4]4, n., (1)  manner of approaching enemy, landslide, etc.: 勢洶洶 break in in full fury, also come to look for trouble; (2)  onset, first symptoms (of a disease). 
36.使 [lai2shi3], n., a messenger; representative from another country. 
37.頭(兒) [lai2tou1]([er0], n., (1)  position or social status: 大有頭 very influential socially or politically; 頭不小 not to be taken lightly; 此人頭大 this person has influential backing; (2)  fun in doing anything: 這種賭博還有甚麼頭兒 what's the fun with this kind of gambling? 
38.茲 [lai2zi0], n., (LL) the future. 
39.往 (1) [lai2wang3], v.i., come and go: 往奔波 ceaselessly come and go; v.i., (2)  [lai2wang0], n., friendly intercourse: 您和他有往麼 do you have dealings with him? 常常往 frequently see each other; v.i., 往文件 correspondence, communication. 
40.意 [lai2yi4], n., purpose of one's coming. 
41.儀 [lai2yi2], phr., (AC) arrival of phoenixes as a good omen for the country: 鳳凰儀. 
42.由 [lai2you2], n., (also wr. 繇) (1)  cause: 我尋思著甚由 I've tried to find out its cause; (2)  background: 問起他的由 asked where he had come from or purpose of his visit; 沒由 wihtout rhyme or reason, (person) of unknown identity. 
43.源 [lai2yUan2], n., origin, source (of water, news, word). 

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ㄉㄨㄥ [dong1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  The east, eastern: 方 east;
邊 east side;
the Far East: 近 Middle East;
半球 Eastern Hemisphere;
風過耳 (advice) unheeded;
山再起 (of politician) to stage a comebake (allu.);
施效顰 (allu.) ugly woman (施) trying to imitate famous beauty (西施) knitting her brows.
(2)  Host, landlord, owner: 房 landlord;
be host of dinner;
道,兒,[dong1dao4], [dong1er0], [dong1jia1]↓.
(3)  (MC) toilet, latrine 廁,司.
(4)  A surname.
Adv行 going east;
oft. coupled with 西 west, describing confusion, on all sides: 倒西歪,零西亂 lying on all sides;
一個,西一個 lying here and there, spread everywhere;
一拳,西一腳 a blow here, a kick there;
不成,西不就 cannot or will not accept post and be without job;
塗西抹 draw paint everywhere;
食西宿 without definite place for board or lodging;
拉西扯 (of talk) rambling, incoherent, disorderly;
奔西走 going in all directions for s.t.;
張西望 to look in all directions.
Words1.北 [dong1bei3], n., northeast, usu. reference to Manchuria. 
2.邊 [dong1bian1], adj., east side, on the east. 
3.床 [dong1chuang2], n., son-in-law: 床快婿,坦腹床 (allu.). 
4.道 [dong1dao4], n., host for party: 做道, also 道主. 
5.丁 [dong1ding1], n., jingling sound. 
6.都 [dong1du1], n., Loyang in Suhng Dyn. 
7.方 [dong1fang1], n., (1)  the east, the Orient: 方文化 oriental culture; (2)  a surname. 
8.宮 [dong1gong1], n., the crown prince; his residence; also empress in East Palace. 
9.家 [dong1jia1], n., (1)  landlord, house owner; (2) the person whom one serves as tutor, secretary or domestic help; (3)  eastern neighbor. 
10.京 [dong1jing1], n., Tokyo; 京灣 Gulf of Tonkin, also Tokyo Bay. 
11.兒 [dong1er0], n., host for party. 
12.南亞 [dong1nan2ya3], n., Southeast Asia; 南亞公約組織 Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). 
13.三省 [dong1san1sheng3], n., Manchuria. 
14.西 [dong1xi1], n., (1)  east and west; (2)  ([dong1xi0]) a thing: 很多西 many things; 甚麼西 what, what things; 你是甚麼西 (abusive) what are you anyway? 不是西 a rascal, scoundrel. 
15.廁 [dong1ce4], n., latrine. 
16.亞 [dong1ya3], n., East Asia. 
17.洋 [dong1yang2], n., Japan; 洋人 Japanese; 洋車 rickshaw, also called 人力車 jinrickshaw. 
18.瀛 [dong1ying2], n., Japan. 

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ㄐㄧㄢˇ [jian3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(Interch. ) a written note, calling cards: 喜 invitation to a wedding;
帖,名 a visiting card;
a formal invitation;
formerly, red visiting cards;
a card sent with presents;
,媒 betrothal card giving the name of the betrothed and the year, month, day, and hour of his (her) birth.
V(Interch. 揀) select, choose.

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ㄕㄨˋ [shu4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A bundle, bale, bunch: 一花 a bunch of flowers;
草 a bundle of straw;
芻,[shu4chu2], [shu4xiu1]↓.
(2)  A surname.
VTo tie, tie up, keep immobile, put away: [shu4fu2]↓;
髮 to tie up hair;
之高閣 to shelve a matter (put it away unheeded);
exercise rigid control over, not free;
,約 control, put restraint (on children);
conclude (matter, discussion).
Words1.帛 [shu4bo2], v.i., (AC) ancient rite of betrothal, the bridegroom giving a roll of silks. 
2.芻 [shu4chu2], n., a bundle of grass in sacrifice at grave. 
3.髮 [shu4fa3], v.i., tie up the hair; (AC) ceremony of capping boy on maturity. 
4.縛 [shu4fu2], v.t. & adj. & n., constraint, rigid control: 不受縛 will not submit to control. 
5.躬 [shu4gong1], v.i., (LL) exercise self-control in conduct. 
6.裝 [shu4zhuang1], v.i., as in 裝就道 to pack up for journey. 
7.身 [shu4shen1], v.i., see [shu4gong1]↑. 
8.脩 [shu4xiu1], n., a teacher's salary-in Confucius’ time, a parcel of dried meat (脩). 
9.手 [shu4shou3], v.i., to fold one's hands in gesture of hopelessness: 手待斃 wait helplessly for death; 手 the doctors can do nothing to help. 
10.胸 [shu4xiong1], n., a brassiere. 
11.腰 [shu4yao1](1)  n., a girdle; (2)  v.i., to girdle the waist. 

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ㄗㄠˇ [zao3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(Bot.) the date tree or its fruit: [zao3zi0];
preserved dates;
,黑 red, black dates.
Words1.核兒 [zao3he2er0], n., date-stones; 核檳榔 see [zao3er0]↓; 核兒桃 a kind of slender peach; shaped like date-stones. 
2.紅 [zao3hong2], n., red like dates (also 兒紅). 
3.兒 [zao3er0], n., dates; 兒 or 核兒檳榔 the betel nut; 兒榚 steamed cake with dates. 
4.泥 [zao3ni2]([er0]), n., date paste. 
5.仁 [zao3ren2], n., kernel of dates. 
6.糖兒色 [zao3tang2er0shai3], n., reddish-brown. 
(1)  Wood: 已成舟 too late to change.
(2)  Trees, timber: 樹 trees;
皮 bark;
屑 sawdust, wood chips;
桶,橋 wooden pail, bridge, etc.;
刻,雕 wood carving, carved of wood;
偶,像 wooden idol, figure;
偶戲 puppet show;
紋,理 wood grain;
行 timber shop, etc.
(3)  One of five elements 五行, the element of growth and expansion.
(4)  The planet 星 Jupiter;
曜日 Friday. [WEdit: should read "Thursday"].
(5)  A surname.

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ㄇㄨˋ [mu4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adj(1)  Wooden.
(2)  Insensitive: 了,麻 (了) benumbed, paralyzed;
腦 blockhead, stupid;
立 stand like a post;
雕泥塑 (person like) clay or wooden statue, blockhead.
Words1.板 [mu4ban3], n., wooden board, plank; 板畫 woodcut. 
2.半夏 [mu4ban4xia4], n., (bot.) wild cherry. 
3.本 [mu4ben3], n., trees (a classification as dist. from grass 艸本) 
4. [mu4bie1], n., (bot.) Momordica, a tropical fruit. 
5.筆 [mu4bi3], n., magnolia, also called 辛夷. 
6.廠 [mu4chang3], n., timber mill. 
7.強 [mu4qiang2], adj., stiff, insensitive. also wr. 疆. 
8.材 [mu4cai2], n., timber. 
9.器 [mu4qi4], n., wooden vessels, wooden furniture. 
10.蠹蛾 [mu4du4e2], n., (zoo.) a moth which eats into trees, Cossus lignipera
11.鐸 [mu4duo2], n., (AC) a bell with wooden clapper, used for communal signal. 
12.耳 [mu4er3], n., edible tree fungus. 
13.筏 [mu4fa2], n., wooden raft. 
14.芙蓉 [mu4fu2rong2], n., (bot.) hibiscus. 
15.瓜 [mu4gua1], n., papaya. 
16.管樂器 [mu4guan3yUe4qi4], n., wood-wind instruments. 
17.工 [mu4gong1], n., carpenter. 
18.札 [mu4zha2], n., slips of wood. 
19.雞 [mu4ji1], n., (AC) insensate like a wooden chicken. 
20.屐(子) [mu4ji1]([zi0]), n., wooden sandals. 
21.匠 [mu4jiang4], n., carpenter. 
22.焦油 [mu4jiao1you2], n., (chem.) wood tar. 
23.槿 [mu4jin3], n., hibiscus. 
24.精 [mu4jing1], n., wood alcohol. 
25.樁 [mu4zhuang1], n., wooden pile. 
26.主 [mu4zhu3], n., spirit tablet=神主. 
27.刻 [mu4ke4], n. & adj., woodcarved (object); wood carving; woodcut. 
28.蠟 [mu4la4], n., wood wax, Japan wax. 
29.蘭 [mu4lan2]1, n., magnolia; name of famous girl impersonating as man soldier, celebrated in song and drama; 蘭花 (慢) name of melodic form in Suhng poetry. 
30.藍 [mu4lan2]2, n., indigo dye stuff, made from 馬棘 Indigofera tinctoria
31.料 [mu4liao4], n., timber. 
32.馬 [mu4ma3], n., wooden horse (gymnastics) 
33.棉 [mu4mian2], n., cotton. 
34.乃伊 [mu4nai3yi1], n., mummy. 
35.訥 [mu4na4], adj., silent, slow of speech. 
36.牛流馬 [mu4niu2liu2ma3], n., military transport vehicles, with control mechanism, credited to 諸葛亮 around 220 A.D. 
37.偶 [mu4ou3], n., wooden figure; a blockhead, puppet; 偶戲 a puppet show. 
38.排(兒) [mu4pai2] ([mu4pai1er0]), n., raft. 
39.芍藥 [mu4shao2yao4], n., (MC) peonia. 
40.犀 [mu4xi0], n., (bot.) cassia. 
41.香 [mu4xiang1], n., putchuck, an incense of Cambodia; n., 香花 n., banksia rose. 
42.星 [mu4xing1], n., planet Jupiter. 
43.梳 [mu4shu1], n., comb. 
44.蝨 [mu4shi1], n., wood louse, bedbug. 
45.樨 [mu4xU1], n., (bot.) the cassia; 樨肉 scrambled egg; 樨湯 egg soup (from gen. Peking custom to avoid the word 蛋 [dan4]). 
46.炭 [mu4tan4], n., charcoal. 
47.頭 [mu4tou0], n., wood, wood block; blockhead. 
48.叢 [mu4cong2], n., copse, wood, grove. 
49.賊 [mu4ze2], n., a short, stiff grass, used for polishing wood. 
50.作 [mu4zuo4], n., carpentry. 
51.魚 [mu4yU2], n., wooden fish used for beating rhythm during Buddhist incantations. 
52.俑 [mu4yong3], n., (AC) wooden idol. 

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ㄙㄣ [sen1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NForest: [sen1lin2]
Adj(1)  In close rows as trees in forest: [sen1luo2]↓;
in close rows.
(2)  Dark: 陰 dark in dealings, cunning;
very dark;
然 see [sen1yan2]↓.
(3)  Severe: [sen1yan2]↓.
Adv(LL) rising or growing closely: 林豎,聳 (buildings, trees) rising closely together or in a row;
列 displayed, stacked closely (weapons, armed soldiers, monuments, etc.).
Words1.林 [sen1lin2], n., forest, cultivated or wild. 
2.羅 [sen1luo2], adj., formidable: 羅萬象 in formidable array; 羅殿 palace of the King of Hell=閻羅殿. 
3. [sen1sen1], adj. & adv., dark, close, thick (vegetation): 黑 frightfully dark. 
4.嚴 [sen1yan2], adj., (laws, regulations) severe. 
5.鬱 [sen1yU4], adj., thickly overgrown. 

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ㄑㄧㄢˋ [qian4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NEngraving on woodblock;
a Suhng (wood-block) edition.
A hollow bag open on both ends, dist.
囊 closed on one end.

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ㄊㄨㄛˊ [tuo2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Words1.筆 [tuo2bi3], phr., formerly, poor scholar with a bag of books and a pen stuck in hair, symbolic of writing profession. 
2.駝 [tuo2tuo2]1, n., camel; a hunchback. 
3. [tuo2tuo2]2, adj., click-clack, sound of footsteps. 
4.籥 [tuo2yUe4], n., a (pair of) bellows. 
(AC) case or bag for bows and arrows.

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ㄍㄠ [gao1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(AC) to put away in bag.

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ㄋㄞˋ [nai4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA crab apple.
Adv(Corrupt var. of 奈 12.01).

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ㄐㄧㄣˋ [jin4 (*ㄐㄧㄣ [jin1).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Royal residence: 宮 palace grounds;
城 the Forbidden City in Peking;
[jin4cheng2]↓, [jin4yUan4]↓;
中 imperial quarters;
衛軍 [jin4wei4jUn1]↓.
(2)  Sorcery, witchcraft.
V(1)  Prohibit, forbid: [jin4zhi3], [jin4ling4]↓;
illegal acts;
品 n., & adj., contraband;
屠 days on which no meat is sold;
煙,賭,娼 ban on opium-smoking, gambling, prostitution;
酒 (U.S history) Prohibition;
strictly forbid(den);
lifting of a ban;
運 trade embargo;
地 forbidden ground;
difficult (impossible) to suppress;
cannot help it;
情不自 cannot control oneself (one's own feelings).
(2)  Take into custody, imprison: 監 throw into prison;
imprison, incarcerate;
[jin4bi4], [jin4gu4], [jin4zu2], [jin4zi0]↓.
(3)  To taboo: [jin4ji4]↓.
(4)  (*[jin4]) Be able to withstand or endure: 得起,不起 (住) can, cannot stand.
Adj(*[jin1]) Durable, -bly: 穿 (of clothes) to wear well;
用 long-lasting, serviceable for a long time;
燒 (of fuel) slowburning.
Words1.閉 [jin4bi4], v.t., to jail, lock up, detain. 
2.城 [jin4cheng2], n., palace grounds; 紫城 the Forbidden City in Peking. 
3.地 [jin4di4], n., forbidden ground. 
4.方 [jin4fang1], n., a secret formula or prescription. 
5.錮 [jin4gu4], v.t., (1)  imprison; (2)  (AC) debar from holding office. 
6.果 [jin4guo3], n., the forbidden fruit. 
7.忌 [jin4ji4], n. & v.i., taboos (in food, superstitution). 
8.制 [jin4zhi4], v.t., restrict, prohibit, forbid, ban. 
9.軍 [jin4jUn1], n., short for 衛軍 [jin4wei4jUn1]↓. 
10.止 [jin4zhi3], v.t., forbid, prohibit, ban: 止吸煙 “no smoking.” 
11.例 [jin4li4], n., an official ban or restraint. 
12.令 [jin4ling4], n., legal restriction or ban. 
13.臠 [jin4luan2], n., (LL) the “forbidden fruit,” much desired but inaccessible woman. 
14.書 [jin4shu1], n., an officially banned book. 
15.土 [jin4tu3], n., (astrology) days on which all ground-digging is forbidden. 
16.子 [jin4zi0], n., a jailer. 
17.卒 [jin4zu2], n., ditto. 
18.網 [jin4wang3], n., network of legal restrictions. 
19.衛軍 [jin4wei4jUn1], n., imperial guards. 
20.夜 [jin4ye4], v.i. & n., (declare) a curfew. 
21.掖 [jin4yi4], n., palace grounds. 
22.苑 [jin4yUan4], n., imperial gardens. 
23.慾 [jin4yU4], v.i., suppress sensual passion; 慾主義 asceticism. 

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ㄙㄨㄛˇ [suo3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  [suo3zi0] A rope: 鐵 iron cable: [suo3tou2]↓.
(2)  A surname.
V(1)  To search, try to get: 披ditto;
求,[suo3qiu2], [suo3jie3]↓;
(2)  To demand (payment): 欠,[suo3qian4], [suo3xin1]↓.
Vb(MC) must (=須): 這數年是(=須是)辛苦也 these last few years must be hard indeed;
教(=須使)意兒溫存 you must try to be gentle;
(=不須)生嗔 don't be angry.
AdjLonely, depressed: [suo3ran2]↓;
離群居 live alone, cut off from society.
Adv(*[suo2]) [suo2xing4]↓.
Words1.欠 [suo3qian4], v.i., to demand pay. 
2.求 [suo3qiu2], v.t., to seek (person, job, etc.). 
3.取 [suo2qU3], v.i., try to get, obtain. 
4.合 [suo3he2], aux. vb., (MC) must (=須當). 
5.解 [suo2jie3], phr., requires explanation. 
6.落 [suo3luo4], v.t., (coll.) to berate (person). 
7.寞 [suo3mo4], adj., lonely, bored, depressed (also wr. 莫,漠). 
8.賠 [suo3pei2], v.t., claim. 
9.然 [suo3ran2], adj., (1)  dull, uninteresting: 然無味; (2)  quiet, isolated: 牙門然 (AC) commandant's office is quiet, without callers; (3)  depressed: 然出涕 (AC) depressed and shed tears. 
10.性 *[suo2xing4], adj., (1)  straight-tempered; (2)  (*[suo2xing4]), adv., may just as well, simply, without further ado: 性給了他 might just as well make it a gift to him; adj., 性走了 left without further trouble. 
11.薪 [suo3xin1], phr., to demand payment of salary in arrears. 
12.是 [suo3shi4], aux. vb., (MC) must be. 
13. [suo2suo3], adj., (1)  a rustle, whispering sound; (2)  (AC) frightened, startled; (3)  bored, see [suo3ran2]↑. 
14.頭 [suo3tou2], n., end of a rope. 
15.要 [suo3yao4], v.t., to demand (money, etc.). 
16.引 [suo2yin3]1, n., an index: 書名引 title index; 作者引 author index, etc. 
17.隱 [suo3yin3]2, phr., (1)  探賾隱 (AC) to search for hidden meanings; (2)  隱行怪 to look for the abstruse and behave eccentrically. 

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ㄙㄨˋ [su4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  White silk;
(LL) a letter;
white of mourning.
(2)  Vegetarian food: 吃,茹 be vegetarian;
(3)  Element, factor: 原 chemical element;
factor in situation.
Adj(1)  White, color of mourning: [su4fu2]↓;
車白馬 white horse and unadorned carriage used at funeral;
月 the bright moon.
(2)  Simple, unadorned: 樸 (person) simple, without ostentation of any kind;
服,位,[su4fu2], [su4wei4], [su4can1]↓.
(3)  Usual, habitual, present and past: 望 usual, habitual reputation;
願 lifelong wish;
[su4xing2], 交suh-jiau↓;
風 habitual manner.
(4)  Vegetarian, opp. 葷 [hun1], meat: 火腿 ham made of bean curd;
麵 noodles with vegetarian garnish;
(5)  Poor: 寒 (family) poor;
無奈自己手頭兒 unfortunately have no money.
AdvUsually, in the past, heretofore: 平 ditto;
來,日,[su4lai2], [su4ri4], [su4xi2]2↓;
不相識 didn't know him before;
不通信 haven't written each other before;
稱 has been known to be;
識 have known (person) for a long time;
知 I have known always.
Words1.常 [su4chang2], adv., usually (comes to office punctually, etc.). 
2.秋 [su4qiu1], n., autumn. 
3.琴 [su4qin2], n., a stringed instrument without strings typical of 陶淵明 Taur Yuanmirng's easy, simple nature. 
4.尺 [su4chi3], n., (LL) a letter. 
5.封 [su4feng1], adj., (AC) rich without ranks. 
6.服 [su4fu2], n., (1)  white dress; (2)  white of mourning. 
7.交 [su4jiao1], n., long-known friend. 
8.節 [su4jie2], n., (1)  habitual conduct; (2)  personal integrity; (3)  (LL, rare) autumn season. 
9.淨 [su4jing4], adj., simple and neat (dress). 
10.志 [su4zhi4], n., life ambition. 
11.質 [su4zhi2], n., (1)  innate quality (of material) or character; (2)  white background. 
12.來 [su4lai2], adv., see [su4chang2]↑. 
13.練 [su4lian4], n., (LL) waterfall (coming down like a sheet of white silk). 
14.描 [su4miao2], v.i. & n., to sketch, a sketch (painting); delineate (character in novel). 
15.朴 [su4pu2], adj., simple, unadorned (also wr. 樸). 
16.日 [su4ri4], adv., usually, in the past, see [su4chang2]↑. 
17.性 [su4xing4], n., one's nature, temperament. 
18.馨 [su4xin1]1, n., jasmine. 
19.心 [su4xin1]2, n., one's simple, habitual nature; 心人 person of simple character; 心蘭 [su4xin1lan2], n., a kind of orchid with undotted petals. 
20.席 [su4xi2]1, n., a vegetarian meal. 
21.昔 [su4xi2]2, adv., here to fore. 
22.行 [su4xing2], n., habitual conduct. 
23.手 [su4shou3](1)  n., white hand; (2)  adj., empty-handed. 
24.(因)數 [su4] ([yin1]) [shu4], n., (math.) prime (factor) number. 
25.事 [su4shi4]1, n., funeral affairs. 
26.識 [su4shi4]2, n., old acquaintance. 
27.食 [su4shi2], n. & v.i., (1)  (be) vegetarian; (2)  (AC) eat without work, see [su4can1]↓. 
28.菜 [su4cai4], n., vegetarian dish. 
29.餐 [su4can1], v.i., hold sinecure job. 
30.族 [su4zu2], n., (come from) common folks without rank. 
31.王 [su4wang2], n., the uncrowned king-Confucius. 
32.位 [su4wei4], phr., 其位而行 (AC) act according to one's status or station in life. 
33.養 [su4yang3], n., cultivated manners or poise; cultivation of learning. 
34.油 [su4you2], n., vegetable oil. 
35.願 [su4yUan4], n., (my) cherished ambition or wish. 
36.約 [su4yUe1], n., long-standing promise. 

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ㄓㄚˊ [zha2 (*ㄗㄚ [za1).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA bundle (of flowers, etc.).
V(1)  To tie up, pack up: [zha2guo0]↓;
,用繩子起來 to pack with strings, tape, rope.
(2)  (*[za1]) 住,緊 tie up fast;
燈,風箏 make paper lantern, kite, with string;
辮子 make a queue.
(3)  To pitch (tent, camp): 營,[zha2ying2], [zha2zhai4]↓.
Words1.裹 [zha2guo0], v.i., (coll.) adjust girdle and shoes; tidy up. 
2.寨 *[za2zhai4], v.i., pitch tent, to encamp (usu. of brigands). 
3.門 *[za2men2], v.i., to stand guard at gate. 
4.營 *[za2ying2], v.i., (of army units) set up base camp. 

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ㄓㄚˊ [zha2 (*ㄗㄚ [za1). [Var. of ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄒㄧㄝˊ [xie2 (*ㄐㄧㄝˊ [jie2).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adj(*[jie2]) U.f. 潔 63A.01.
Words1.矩 [xie2jU3], v.i., follow the golden rule: 矩之道 the principle of reciprocity. 

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ㄒㄧˋ [xi4 (*ㄐㄧˋ [ji4). [Cf. related 91A.01, 90.01]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  To tie up, around (also *[ji4]): 伴,[xi4ban4], [xi4qiu2]↓.
(2)  To remember in mind: 掛,[xi4gua4], [xi4huai2]↓.
(3)  To be in contact: 聯 to contact (person), 取聯 get in contact.
Words1.絆 [xi4ban4] (*[ji4ban4]), n., a stumbling rope across roadway (=羈絆); a burden, added responsibility, what impedes movement. 
2.囚 [xi4qiu2] (*[ji4qiu2]), n., a prisoner in fetters. 
3.掛 [xi4gua4], v.t., to be concerned with, think always of (person perhaps in need). 
4.懷 [xi4huai2], v.i. & t., to have constantly on one's mind. 
5.戀 [xi4lian4], v.i. & t., ditto. 
6.念 [xi4nian4], v.i. & t., ditto. 
7.腰 [xi4yao1], n., (MC) a girdle. 

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ㄉㄠˋ [dao4 (or ㄉㄨˊ [du2).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NBig square army banner.
A surname.

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ㄑㄧㄡˊ [qiu2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  To beg for, to seek or look for, to demand: 要 to demand;
to demand too much (of person) or criticize by severe standards;
索 to seek for;
偶 seek for life mate;
婚,[qiu2hun1], [qiu2ren2]↓;
職,事 seek for job;
才 look for real talents;
諸己 to look for cause of failure in oneself;
治 (the people) yearn for peace, (ruler) tries to put country in order;
之不得 just what one wished for;
可遇而不可 s.t. unique which may come by chance but not by diligent search;
供過於 supply exceeds demand;
漿得酒 get more than that one was looking for ;
田問舍 to busy oneself with business deals and have no higher ambition in life, looking for a site for a permanent home.
(2)  To beg, request, pray for: 乞,化,[qiu2qi3], [qiu2hua4], [qiu2qing2]↓;
你,你 I beg you;
借 beg to borrow;
見 beg for an interview;
子,雨 pray for the birth of a son, for rain;
生不得,死未能 can neither live nor die-utter misery;
必應 (of god, gentleman) never refuses a request.
(3)  Set one's mind to, try to: 力上進 try to make progress in studies;
有功,只無過 dare not hope for great accomplishment, but only to be free from mistakes;
try very hard to;
名,利 set one's mind to obtain fame, wealth;
刻意工 try to do one's best (in writing, workmanship);
(oft. +adj.);
速,簡 try to be efficient, simple;
備,[qiu2bei4], [qiu2qUan2]↓.
Words1.備 [qiu2bei4], phr., to ask for perfection: 毋備於一人 don't ask for perfection in any man. 
2.成 [qiu2cheng2], phr., hope for success. 
3.籤 [qiu2qian1], v.i., to pray and draw divination sticks at temple. 
4.乞 [qiu2qi3], v.i., & t., to ask s.o. for s.t. (help, pardon, etc.). 
5.親 [qiu2qin1], v.i., (1)  to ask for marriage between two families; (2)  to ask for help from relatives. 
6.情 [qiu2qing2], v.i., to ask for special consideration, make appeal as friend or for friend. 
7.全 [qiu2qUan2], v.i., to ask for perfection: 萬事莫全 don't ask for perfection; 全之毀 (AC) one tries one's best and still gets criticized for it; see 委曲全 90.93. 
8.貸 [qiu2dai4], v.i., to ask for loan. 
9.和 [qiu2he2], v.i., to beg for peace by offering surrender. 
10.化 [qiu2hua4], v.i., (Budd.) to ask for subscriptions. 
11.凰 [qiu2huang2], v.i., a man looking for a life mate. 
12.婚 [qiu2hun1], v.i., ask for a girl's hand. 
13.積法 [qiu2ji1fa3], n., (math.) mensuration. 
14.假 [qiu2jia4], phr., to ask for leave of absence. 
15.教 [qiu2jiao4], v.i., (court.) to ask for advice (cf. 請教 60A.42). 
16.救 [qiu2jiu4], phr., to cry (ask) for help. 
17.牡 [qiu2mu3], v.i., (AC) as in 雉鳴其牡 a female pheasant calls for mate, (fig.) a girl courts a boy. 
18.饒 [qiu2rao2], v.i., to ask for pardon. 
19.人 [qiu2ren2], phr., (1)  to ask others for help; (2)  to look for talents. 
20.容 [qiu2rong2], phr., ask to be permitted to stay, also to be pardoned for slight oversights. 
21.仙 [qiu2xian1], phr., seek to meet with (Taoist) immortals. 
22.心力 [qiu2xin1li4], n., (phys.) centripetal force. 
23.學 [qiu2xUe2], v.i., to go to school or college for further studies; try to improve oneself in studies. 

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ㄑㄧ [qi1. [Var. of 63A.02; dist. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄌㄧˊ [li2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NSaliva: 龍 (myth.) dragon's saliva (symbol of dyn.’s downfall).
V(AC) to flow downstream.

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ㄅㄧㄠˇ [biao3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Outside, surface, contrasted with 裡 [li3], inside: 裡相應 front attack helped by people inside the city;
裡為奸 conspiracy with people working inside;
裡如一 conformity of profession and conduct;
溢於言 (feeling) shows between the lines, in overtones;
出了意(之外) beyond expectations, unexpectedly;
(2)  External appearance: 儀不凡 handsome looks;
虛有其 deceptively handsome, good in appearance only.
(3)  Memorial to emperor: 章,奏,奏.
(4)  Chart, graph, any chart for consultation, meter, watch: 手 wrist watch;
clock and watch (also wr. 鐘錶);
計程 taximeter;
溫度 thermometer;
氣壓 barometer;
,水 power, water meter;
一覽 general chart;
(5)  Memorial tablet: 紀功,碑.
(6)  Cousin on mother’s side, contrasted with 堂 on father's side: 妹,弟 cousin sister, brother;
親 mother's relatives;
first cousin, child of father’s sister or mother's brother.
VTo show, manifest, bring to surface, mention: 同情 show sympathy: 略寸心 just to show my gratitude, remembrance;
過不提 merely mention by the way;
達,示,[biao3da2], [biao3shi4], [biao3ming2], etc.↓;
汗 bring about perspiration.
Words1.白 [biao3bai2], v.t., express (real feelings, intentions, usu. under clouded circumstances). 
2.情 [biao3qing2], v.i., & n., (of actors) express feelings, such performance or expression. 
3.尺 [biao2chi3], n., gun sight. 
4.達 [biao3da2], v.t., express (ideas, feelings). 
5.格 [biao3ge2], n., blank form; chart 
6.彰 [biao3zhang1]1, v.t., commend (work); publicize (good works). 
7.章 [biao3zhang1]2, n., memorial to emperor. 
8.記 [biao3ji4], n., a mark; souvenir, mark of remembrance. 
9.決 [biao3jUe2], v.t., decide by vote: 付決 put to the vote. 
10.殼兒 [biao3ke2er0], n., cover of watch. 
11.禮 [biao2li3]1, n., gift at first meeting. 
12.裡 [biao2li3]2, n., outside and inside. 
13.蒙子 [biao3meng2zi0], n., (dial.) watch cover. 
14.面 [biao3mian4], n. & adj., outside, surface; on the outside, superficial: 由面觀之 look at on the surface; 當面 as a front; n. & adj., 面上 [biao3mian4shang4], adj. & adv., superficial, -ly: 面上的進步,朋友 superficial progress, friends; n. & adj., 面化 [biao3mian4hua4], v.i., come to the surface (of hidden feelings, currents). 
15.明 [biao3ming2], v.t. & n., express, demonstrate (friendship, etc.), give expression to: 明奸情 show up conspiracy, hypocrisy. 
16.皮 [biao3pi2], n., (biol.) epidermis; (bot.) bark, outer layer. 
17.瓤(兒) [biao3rang2]([er0]), n., inside mechanism of watch (瓤=meat of melon). 
18.現 [biao3xian4], v.t., give evidence of, show (work, results), demonstrate (ability). 
19.象 [biao3xiang4]1, n., signs (of heavens, approval, etc.). 
20.相 [biao3xiang4]2, n., external appearance. 
21.率 [biao3shuai4], n., model, personal example for others. 
22.示 [biao3shi4], v.i., show, express, demonstrate: 示同意,反對 express consent, disagreement; 示樂觀 show optimism. 
23.土 [biao2tu3], n., (geol.) top layer of soil. 
24.字 [biao3zi4], n., secondary personal name=別號. 
25.演 [biao2yan3], v.t. & n., perform (-ance). 
26.揚 [biao3yang2], v.t., give public recognition. 

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ㄙㄤˋ [sang4 (*ㄙㄤ [sang1). [Pop. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(*[sang1]) (1)  A funeral: 事 ditto;
hold funeral procession;
partake in above;
attend funeral.
(2)  Mourning: 居 be in mourning;
national mourning;
囚首面 with disheveled hair and dismal looks;
聲歪氣 (of servants) dismal and lazy.
V([sang4]) To lose (life, parents, country): [sang4ming4]↓;
妻,偶 lose one's wife (through death);
家狗 a stray dog (homeless), (fig.) dismal, crestfallen appearance;
考妣 wearing a funeral face as if newly bereft of both parents.
Adj(*[sang4]) Downcast, outcast: [sang4qi4]↓: 頹 downcast, given up hope, dismal.
Words1.榜 *[sang1bang3], n., white notice of funeral in home. 
2.謗 [sang4bang0], v.t., to blaspheme; to revile, slander. 
3.氣 [sang4qi4], adj., (1)  downcast, frustrated; (2)  ([sang4qi0]) adj., unlucky. 
4.膽 [sang4dan3], v.i., to lose heart. 
5.服 *[sang1fu2], n., funeral costume. 
6.國 [sang4guo2], v.i., to lose one’s country to conqueror, see one's country subjugated. 
7.家 *[sang1jia1] (*[sang1jia0]), n., family of deceased. 
8.祭 *[sang1ji4], n., funeral sacrifices. 
9.主 *[sang1zhu3], n., eldest son during a parent's funeral or eldest grandson in absence of eldest son. 
10.種 *[sang1zhong3], n., a corruption of *[sang1zhu3]↑. 
11.志 *[sang4zhi4], v.i., to lose ambition: 玩物志 be a playboy without ambitions. 
12.居 *[sang1jU1], v.i., live in mourning. 
13.亂 *[sang4luan4], n., (AC) war and turmoil. 
14.門 *[sang1men2], n., bereft family; 門鬼 an evil spirit in charge of death (Death with a sickle). 
15.命 [sang4ming4], v.i., to die, esp. during war and turmoil. 
16.明 [sang4ming2], v.i., (1)  become blind; (2)  (AC allu. to father who) mourns the death of his son. 
17.煞 *[sang1sha4], n., return of the ghost of deceased to his home for a last look. 
18.身 [sang4shen1], v.i., to lose one's life (in accident, through drowning, incurring punishment, etc.). 
19.心 [sang4xin1], phr., 心病狂 seized with crazy ideas, losing all balance of judgment. 
20.師 [sang4shi1], v.i., be defeated in battle. 
21.事 *[sang1shi4], n., funeral affair. 
22.失 [sang4shi2], v.i., to lose (a wallet, ambition, etc.). 
23.頭 *[sang1tou2], n., a slight nodding of head, less than usual, made by one in mourning. 

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ㄑㄧㄡˊ [qiu2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A surname.
(2)  A fur coat: 皮衣 ditto;
a fox coat;
肥馬 (AC) rich style of living (“light fur and well-fed horses”);
馬 ditto;
蔽金盡 (allu.) short of living expenses abroad (“coat tattered, gold gone”);
葛 change from fur to linen-passing of one year;
褐 simple gown of hempen material.
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[nong2. [Arch. of 22.02]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄓˋ [zhi4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VTo cut and make (dresses), to make (shoes, movies, clocks), to manufacture: 土 home-made;
成 make into (utensils);
,銅,皮 made of iron, copper, leather;
紙 paper-making;
片 make (produce) films;
圖 make charts or blueprints;
版 set up (printing) plates;
仿 make copy after ancient model;
make duplicates;
法 method for making;
藥 make medical pills, powder or lotion;
品 product.
Words1.片 [zhi4pian4], n., film producer. 
2.造 [zhi4zao4], v.t. & n., manufacture: 日本造 made in Japan. 
3.作 [zhi4zuo4], v.t., to create; manufacture. 

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ㄋㄤˊ [nang2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A bag, case, sack, purse: 皮 a leather case;
travelling bag;
sleeping bag;
空如洗 without a penny in one's purse;
取物 things which one can readily lay hands on, easily, as easy as picking one's own pocket;
羞澀 (allu.) lacking sufficient funds to meet necessary expenses;
中物 things already in the bag;
中穎 talent is bound to make its mark (as point of awl in pocket) 錦妙計 have s.t. up one's sleeve;
飯袋 “wine bag and rice basket”-(derog.) a glutton and a drunk, a good-for-nothing.
(2)  A surname.
VTo put in a bag: [nang2gua1]↓;
螢映雪 (allu.) to study hard in spite of poverty (lit., to read by the light of bagged fireflies or the reflected light of snow).
Words1. [nang2chuai4], n., (also [nang1]) pork near the pig's nipples. 
2.括 [nang2gua1], v.t., to bag (wealth, etc.): 括一切 sweep up everything. 

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ㄕˊ [shi2Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NTen: 多個,來個 over ten (pieces);
多歲,來歲 over ten (of age);
個 several tens or dozens;
來個 over hundred (pieces);
二使徒 the Twelve Disciples;
八羅漢 the eighteen Lohans (Arahats);
女大八變 a growing girl changes a great deal, how a teenage girl changes from year to year;
八般武藝 various skills in boxing, fighting with sword, spear, etc.;
三經 the Thirteen Classics, see 經 93B.30;
有八九 eight or nine out of ten;
無二三 less than two or three out of ten;
分之一 one-tenth;
一 (a) eleven, (b) one-tenth;
成,[shi2cheng2], [shi2fen1]↓;
室九空 almost all (nine-tenths) houses empty after raid;
拿九穩 almost (nine-tenths) certain, 90 percent sure;
羊九牧 nine shepherds for ten sheep-more officials than residents;
目所視,手所指 (AC) all eyes see it and all fingers point to it-useless to hide;
年樹木,百年樹人 it takes ten years to grow a tree and a hundred years to bring up a generation of good men-long-term plan.
AdjComplete: 美 perfect (beauty, character);
Words1.成(兒) [shi2cheng2]([er0]), adj., hundred per cent (gold content, etc.): 有成把握 hundred, percent certain. 
2.全 [shi2qUan2], adj., perfect, all complete (happiness, etc.). 
3.冬(臘月) [shi2dong1], n., the winter months (10th, 11th and 12th). 
4.二 [shi2e4] ([she4]), adj., twelve: 二分抱歉,滿意 hundred percent (“120%”) sorry, satisfied; 二宮 the twelve constellations of the zodiac; 二指腸 [shi2e4zhi3chang2], n., the duodenum; adj., 二時 the twelve two-hour periods, 子,丑,寅,卯 (see Appendix A); 二小時 twelve hours; adj.,二屬 [shi2e4shu3], 二肖 [shi2e4xiao4], the twelve animals corresponding to twelve-year cycle (see Appendix A). 
5.方 [shi2fang1], n., (Budd.) the ten directions, north, south, east, west, four intermediate and above, below. 
6.分 [shi2fen1], adj. & adv., (1)  hundred per cent (satisfied, pleased, etc.); (2)  tenth part: 分之一,之三 one-tenth, three-tenths. 
7.個頭兒 [shi2ge0tou2er0], adv., (coll.) very, extremely: 天氣個頭兒的冷 bitterly cold. 
8.胡 [shi2hu2], n., name of card game (also wr. 湖). 
9.進法 [shi2jin4fa3], n., the decimal system; the metric system. 
10.錦 [shi2jin3], adj., (dish) garnished with various ingredients: 錦大鍋 casserole with different meat and vegetable contents. 
11.惡 [shi2e4], n., (1)  the ten cardinal sins; (2)  (law) 惡不赦 formerly, ten unpardonable crimes, including rebellion and other not well-defined items, as lack of filial piety, of harmony in family relationships, lack of righteousness, of humanity, etc.; beyond redemption. 
12.項運動 [shi2xiang1yUn4dong4], n., decathlon. 
13.足 [shi2zu2], adj., hundred percent (pleased, arrogant, etc.): 足赤金 24-karat gold; 足洋奴 completely denationalized person, subservient to foreigners. 
14.字(兒) [shi2zi4] ([shi2ze4er0]), n. & adj., cross-shaped like letter +:字架 the Christian cross; 字街 or 街口 crossroads; 字軍 the Crusades; 字火 cross fire; 紅字會 the Red Cross. 
15.姊妹 [shi2zi3mei4], n., (1)  (zoo.) a kind of small singing birds, Uroloncha domestica; (2)  (bot.) a plant of rose family, Rosa multiflora; (3)  certain sisterhoods of Kwangtung, in which girls prefer independent work and pledge never to marry. 
16.月 [shi2yUe4], n., October; 月革命 [shi2yUe4ge2ming4], October Revolution (the Russian Revolution in 1917). 

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ㄅㄣˇ [ben3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA volume: 一書 a book.
(1)  Stem, root of plants: 艸 grass family;
plants with stiff trunks;
草綱目 classical Chinese Materia Medica, a treatise on medicinal plants.
(2)  Foundation of things: 末倒置,捨逐末 attend to the superficials and neglect the essentials;
事有末 (AC) there is distinction of the basic essentials and the periphery.
(3)  Origins: 源源 (trace) from the origins;
細說末 recount the development from the beginning;
see [ben3yUan2]↓;
(derog.) forget one's ancestry or ancestral tradition.
(4)  Capital (vs. interest), capital investment: 資 capital in gen.;
利 capital and interest;
不夠,虧,賠,折 lose money, cannot cover cost;
,無 small, inadequate capital;
see [ben3qian2]↓.
(5)  Edition, manuscript copy: 原刻 original edition;
manuscript copy;
copy of calligraphy or painting;
,搨 rubbings from stone inscriptions;
memorial to emperor;
see 兒,[ben3er0], [ben3zi0]↓.
Adj(1)  This, the present, our: 日,月,週,年 this day,month, week, year;
埠,市 local (mail), this city;
國,省 our country, this or our province;
鄉 or 鄉土兒 our (one's) local district;
校 our school;
號 our shop;
土 native (products, etc.).
(2)  Original: 籍 one's ancestral district;
意 original meaning or intention;
義 original meaning.
AdvOriginally, indicating what is not, but should be (short for 來): (來)應該如此 should have been so anyway, similarly 應,該,當;
(來)不如此 originally it was not so;
屬,是,可 originally belong, should be, might;
可合併討論 (the two problems) could have been discussed together.
Words1.部 [ben3bu4], n., headquarters, as 參謀部 military staff headquarters. 
2.錢 [ben3qian2], n., capital investment, layout, sometimes display of a person's stock in trade, as physical charms of an attractive woman. 
3.地 [ben3di4], n., & adj., native place or people, local; 地人,話 local people, dialect; 地出產 local product. 
4.分 [ben3fen4], n., duty. 
5.工兒 [ben3gong1er0], n., (coll.) what is one's duty. 
6.行 [ben3hang2], n., (1)  one's own profession: 這是我行 this is my line; (2)  our firm. 
7.家 [ben3jia1], n., same clan or family: 家兒 (a) same clan; (b) the family of bride, groom or deceased, etc. on occasions (wedding, funeral, accident, etc.): 新娘家 bride's family. 
8.金 [ben3jin1], n., = [ben3qian2]↓. 
9.州 [ben3zhou1], n., (1)  Honshu, Japan's largest island; (2)  this district. 
10.主兒 [ben3zhu3er0], n., (law) rightful owner; person involved on certain occasions. 
11.質 [ben3zhi2], n., innate character (of metal, children), essential character (of teachings). 
12.旨 [ben3zhi3], n., main purpose, tenet. 
13.兒 [ben3er0], n., (1)  capital (money); (2)  a copy, volume. 
14.來 [ben3lai2], adv. & adj., originally, as a matter of fact: 來不該他的事 (this matter) should not concern him; 來面目 real (unmasked), original appearance or character. 
15.利 [ben3li4], n., capital and interest; 利和 total of capital and interest. 
16.領 [ben3ling3], n., skill, skillful ability. 
17.論 [ben3lun4], n., main tenet. 
18.命年 [ben3ming4nian2], n., recurrent year in the ewelve-year cycle, of the same animal (rat, cow, etc.) as one's year of birth. 
19.末 [ben3mo4], n., beginning and end, see N. 1↓; 紀 事末93B.70 
20.能 [ben3neng2], n., instinct, born ability. 
21.票 [ben3piao4], n., promissory note; 銀行票 cashier's check; 質押票 collateral note; 動產抵押票 cognovit note. 
22.人 [ben3ren2], n., the person himself (applicant, plaintiff, etc.); (court.) I, myself=鄙人 40S.22 
23.色 [ben3se4], n., true color: 英雄色 true color of a hero; natural color; n., 色兒 [ben3se4er0], n., unstained, undyed color of article. 
24.身 [ben3shen1], n., self, person himself: 身品行 person's own conduct (apart from his preachings); itself (民族身 the nation itself). 
25.生 [ben3sheng1], adj., natural; 生父母 one's real, natural parents. 
26.性 [ben3xing4], n., man's natural character, what is born in man. 
27.心 [ben3xin1], n., true intention; conscience: 非出於心 was forced by others, not one's free will. 
28.息 [ben3xi2], n., capital and interest (息=利息). 
29.師 [ben3shi1], n., one's master (in trade, religion). 
30.事 [ben3shi4], n., (1)  [ben3ling3]↑; (2)  resume of story in plays, movies. 
31.題 [ben3ti2], n., subject (of discussion). 
32.子 [ben3zi0], n., volume, edition, version, see N.5↑. 
33.字 [ben3zi4], n., the formal or early form of character, as opposed to later forms. 
34.問 [ben3wen4], v.i., (arch.) investigate, question (=盤問). 
35.位 [ben3wei4], n., basis, basic unit: 金位,銀位 gold, ailver standard of currency; 位主義 working for self as motive; 位工作 one's proper duty. 
36.務 [ben3wu4], n., proper duty. 
37.業 [ben3ye4], n., one's main profession; original profession. 
38.願 [ben3yUan4], n., true, real desire. 
39.源 [ben3yUan2], n., origins. 

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ㄈㄥ [feng1. [Var. of 21.30]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
AdjGood-looking handsome, full and round.
Words1.標 [feng1biao1], n., looks, appearance. 
2.容 [feng1rong2], n., (court. to ladies) your face. 
3.神 [feng1shen2], n., handsome looks. 
4.態 [feng1tai4], n., demeanor. 
5.采 [feng1cai3], n., personal appearance: 一瞻采 (court.) to have a look at person's beautiful appearance, i.e., to meet personally. 
6.姿 [feng1zi1], n., handsome or pretty looks, demeanor (oft. of ladies). 
7.儀 [feng1yi2], n., esteemed personality. 
8.韻 [feng1yUn4], n., personal charm. 

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ㄔㄜ [che1 (re. pr. *ㄐㄩ [jU1).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A vehicle: [che1liang4]↓;
an automobile, a motor car;
a railway train: 火頭 a locomotive;
a chariot, a carriage;
an ox cart;
a handcart;
雞公 (Szechuan dial.) a wheelbarrow;
坦克 a tank;
a sedan;
腳踏,自行 a bicycle;
摩托,機 a motorcycle;
a tramcar, streetcar;
a motor truck, a lorry, a freight car;
旅行 a station wagon;
a tank truck;
a sport(s) car;
school bus;
救火 a fire engine;
救護 an ambulance;
a hearse;
a police van;
a special car (train);
a railway coach;
,人力,黃包 a rickshaw;
三輪 a pedicab, a tricycle.
,飯 a dining car, a diner;
a sleeping car, a sleeper, Pullman (car);
floats: 花遊行 a float parade;
,開 drive a car;
,坐,搭 go by car (train);
board a car (train);
alight from a car (train);
載斗量 immense quantities;
水馬龍 heavy traffic on street (“an endless stream of horses and carriages”)
匠 a wheel wright;
的 a carter;
的 a car driver, chauffeur;
禍 traffic accident;
笠之盟 true friendship.
(2)  Any device which operates with the help of wheels: 紡 a spinning wheel;
a crane;
a pulley;
a windmill;
(Cantonese dial.) a sewing machine;
a water cart, a water wheel, a wooden treadmill for lifting water.
(3)  (*[jU1]) A surname.
(4)  A pawn in chess, the “chariot.”
V(1)  Carry in a cart: 煤,米 to cart away coal, rice.
(2)  To lift (water): 水 do this by means of a water wheel.
(3)  To shape (things) on a lathe.
Words1.把 [che1ba3], n., the handle bars of a bicycle or rickshaw. 
2.前 [che1qian2]1, n., (bot.) the plantain, Plantago major var. asiatica
3.錢 [che1qian2]2, n., money paid for hiring a car (cart, rickshaw, etc.). 
4.床 [che1chuang2], n., a turner's lathe. 
5.道 [che1dao4], n., a driveway. 
6.燈 [che1deng1], n., the headlight of an automobile or motorcycle, a bicycle lamp. 
7.墊(子) [che1dian4]([zi0]), n., car cushions. 
8.費 [che1fei4], n., cartage, car fare, car hire. 
9.夫 [che1fu0], n., a carter, a cart driver; also chauffeur. 
10.轂轆 [che1gu1lu0], n., car wheels: 轂轆話 the same words repeated again and again; 轂轆圓 (sp. pr. [che1gu1lu0yUan4] a children's game in which they join hands to form a circle and dance and sing. 
11.行 [che1hang2], n., (1)  a place where carts may be bought or hired; (2)  a garage; (3)  a car dealer's. 
12.後喘 [che1hou4chuan3], n., (sl.)part of retinue running after a carriage-a lackey. 
13.長 [che1zhang3], n., the conductor of a train. 
14.站 [che1zhan4], n., (1)  a railway station; (2)  a bus stop. 
15.照 [che1zhao4], n., a car license. 
16.轍 [che1zhe2], n., (1)  a rut made by a passing vehicle; (2)  a driveway or track for cars. 
17.腳錢 [che1jiao3qian0], n., fee paid for the delivery of goods. 
18.架 [che1jia4], n., a lathe. 
19.駕 *[jU1jia4], n., carriage. 
20.磔 *[jU1jie2], n., (AC) formerly, dismemberment of a person by making carts pull in different directions. 
21.騎 *[jU1ji4], n., (1)  carriages and horses; (2)  formerly, title of a military commander. 
22.軸 [che1zhou2], n., the axle. 
23.捐 [che1jUan1], n., a vehicle license fee. 
24.鍊 [che1lian4], n., the roller chain of a bicycle, the tire chain of an automobile. 
25.輛 [che1liang4], n., vehicles, carriages, carts, cars, esp. in traffic. 
26.裂 *[jU1lie4], n., (=[che1jie2]↑). 
27.輪(兒)(子) [che1lun2] ([che1lun2er0])([zi0]), n., car wheels: 輪會 a group of persons who take turns to invite one another to dinner; 輪戰 formerly, a fight in which several persons take turns to engage one opponent in combat to tire him out. 
28.馬 [che1ma3], n., carriages and horses: 門前冷落馬稀 the house was deserted and there were few callers; 馬費 travel allowance. 
29.幔 [che1man4], n., the curtain of a carriage. 
30.門兒 [che1men2] ([che1men2er0]), n., side doors of a motor vehicle or carriage. 
31.牌 [che1pai2], n., the number plate of a vehicle. 
32.棚 [che1peng2]1, n., a shed for vehicles. 
33.篷(子) [che1peng2]2([zi0]), n., the awning of a cart. 
34.票 [che1piao4], n., a train or bus ticket. 
35.皮 [che1pi2], n., (railway) unloaded rolling stock. 
36.身 [che1shen1], n., the body of a car or carriage. 
37.箱 [che1xiang1], n., (1)  compartments of a railway train; (2)  railway coaches; 箱兒 (a) the inside of a car or carriage; (b) the boot (trunk) of an automobile. 
38.胎 [che1tai1], n., car tires. 
39.頭 [che1tou2], n., a train locomotive. 
40.僮 [che1tong2], n., attendants on a railway train. 
41.子 (1) *[jU1zi0], n., formerly, a cart driver; (2)  ([che1zi0]), a cart, carriage, wagon. 
42.資 [che1zi1], n., car fare. 
43.帷 [che1wei2]1, n., see [che1man4]↑. 
44.圍(子) [che1wei2]2([zi0]), n., the cloth hood of a carriage. 
45.沿兒 [che1ya2er0], n., the edge of a carriage. 
46.轅(兒)(子) [che1yUan2] ([che1yUan2er0])([zi0]), n., the shafts of a cart or carriage.  
(1)  To explode or make noise of explosion: 雷 the thunder strikes.
(2)  To attack by bomb, shell or by violence: 炮擊 shell (enemy position);
他在議會上市長 he attacked the mayor in the Assembly;
寫文章他 attack him in writing;
走 show s.o. the door, run a person out of town;
出去 drive (person) out;
沉 to shell an sink (a boat).

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ㄏㄨㄥ [hong1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
AdjA booming noise: see [hong1hong1]↓.
Words1.動 [hong1dong4], v.i. & t., as in 動一時 cause a sensation; 動全國 make a sensation all over the country. 
2. [hong1hong1], adj., descriptive of big, booming noise: 烈烈 with a heroic determination or in a sensational manner. 
3.炸 [hong1zha4], v.t., to bomb (a place). 
4.擊 [hong1ji2], v.t., to shell by artillery. 
5.然 [hong1ran2], adj. & adv., with booming noise. 

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ㄍㄨ [gu1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A crime, a criminal offense.
(2)  A surname.
VBe ungrateful: [gu1fu0], [gu1en1]↓.
AdjGuilty: 無 innocent, free from guilt.
Words1.恩 [gu1en1], v.i., show ingratitude for favors or kindnesses received. 
2.負 [gu1fu0], v.t., be ungrateful to (person, his good intentions): 負朋友 to fail a friend; 負父母 fail one's parents for their solicitude, expectations (also wr. 孤負). 

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ㄋㄧㄡˊ [niu2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  (Zoo.) cattle: 頭馬面 (chin. myth.) messenger boy of Hell;
鬼蛇神 (of things) supernatural, (of a person's appearance) ugly, (now) bad elements;
頭不對馬嘴 (of speech or action) incongruous;
water buffalo;
common yellow cow or ox, also illegal agent for tickets or crossing forbidden territory;
milk cow;
(2)  (Astron.) Sagittarius, one of the twenty-eight Chinese zodiac constellations.
(3)  A surname.
Words1.蒡 [niu2bang4], n., (bot.) burdock, Arctiun lappa
2.扁 [niu2bian3], n., (bot.) Aconitum lycoctonum
3.鼻子 [niu2bi2zi0], n., (鼻子老道) (derog.) formerly old Taoist. 
4.脖子 [niu2bo2zi0], n., person obstinate like cattle. 
5.車 [niu2che1], n., ox cart. 
6.氣 [niu2qi0], adj., arrogant. 
7.刀 [niu2dao1], n., butcher’s knife: 割雞焉用刀 (lit.) why use a butcher's chopper to kill a chicken? -making unnecessarily great efforts to do trivial things; wasting of talent on trivials; 刀小試 (fig.) (of person of great potentials) give a little inkling of what one is capable of. 
8.痘 [niu2dou4], n., vaccine against smallpox. 
9.頓 [niu2dun4], n., Sir Isaac Newton. 
10.犢子 [niu2du2zi0], n., a calf. 
11.耳 [niu2er3], n., the ears of an ox or cow: 執耳 (AC) to “hold the cow's ear” before slaughter for blood sacrifice-an honor reserved for leader during conference of states-hence to be acknowledged leader. 
12.黃 [niu2huang2]l, n., (Chin. med.) bile juice from the body of a diseased ox, congealed, and used for the cure of infant cramps. 
13.角 [niu2jiao3], n., ox horn. 
14.勁 [niu2jin4], n., as in (1)  一身勁 as strong as an ox; (2)  犯了勁 obstinate like an ox. 
15.津 [niu2jin1], n., Oxford. 
16.酒 [niu2jiu3], n., (lit.) beef and wine; (fig.) gifts for soldiers at the front. 
17.郎 [niu2lang2](1)  n., a cowboy; (2)  n., one of the Chinese zodiac constellations: 郎織女 the Cowboy and the Spinning Maid, two constellations, the separated lovers in Chinese mythology. 
18.酪 [niu2luo4], n., cheese, yogurt. 
19.馬 [niu2ma3](1)  n., cattle and horses; (2)  v.i., slave for others: 莫為兒孫作馬 do not slave for your children. 
20.毛 [niu2mao2], n., (1) , ox hair; (2)  innumerable: 多如毛 innumerable as ox hair; 毛細雨 fine drizzling rain. 
21. [niu2mang2], n., (zoo.) horsefly, gadfly (also wr. 虻). 
22.奶 [niu2nai3], n., cow's milk; 奶糖 butter candy, toffee. 
23.排 [niu2pai2]1, n., beefsteak. 
24.(兒)牌 [niu2]([er0])[pai2]2, n., set of playing cards made of cattle bone (also called 骨牌). 
25.扒 [niu2pa2], n., beefsteak. 
26.皮 [niu2pi2](1)  n., ox hide, leather: 皮靴 leather boots; 皮帶 leather belt; (2)  gross exaggeration: 皮大王 person given to gross exaggerations: 吹皮 to brag; n., 皮紙 brown packing paper; 皮糖 a kind of chewing candy, also one who persists in forcing his attentions on others. 
27.肉 [niu2rou4], n., beef. 
28.乳 [niu2ru3], n., cow's milk, see [niu2nai3]↑. 
29.膝 [niu2xi0], n., (bot.) hyssop. 
30.性 [niu2xing4], n., obstinacy. 
31.溲 [niu2sou1], n., in 溲馬勃 two lowly plants-worthless trifles. 
32.子眼(兒) [niu2zi0yan3] ([niu2zi0ya3er0]), n., a tumor-like growth on the eyeball obstructing eyesight.  
33.瘟 [niu2wen1], n., rinderpest. 
34.衣 [niu2yi1], n., cattle blanket. 
35.疫 [niu2yi4], n., cattle plague. 
36.飲 [niu2yin3], n., unrestrained drinking bout (lit., “drinking like a cow”). 
37.蠅 [niu2ying2], n., (zoo) gadfly. 
38.油 [niu2you2], n., butter. 
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[ben1. [Var. of 12.20]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
(Zoo.) the yak.

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ㄌㄧˊ [li2 (also ㄇㄠˊ [mao2).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄠˊ [ao2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Words1.牙 [ao2ya2], phr., (1)  in 詰屈牙 (of ancient writings) full of characters that are difficult to make out and pronounce, descriptive of foreign sounds, unpronounceable, crotchety writing; (2)  twisting (old trunke); rough (experience). 
(1)  Life: [sheng1ming4]↓;
取義 sacrifice life for honor;
risk one's life;
起死回 (of good doctors) effect a miraculous cure;
圈 lifebelt;
cultivate health.
(2)  Lifetime, life span: 一 whole life;
half one's life (struggling, etc.);
,今 this present life or incarnation;
future life;
世世 generation after generation;
時 when one was alive;
the remaining years of one's life;
keep alive without serious ambition or purpose;
,重 next incarnation, also rebirth;
eternal life, also 常
(3)  Living beings : [sheng1ling2]↓;
all animal kingdom;
the beasts;
kill animate beings;
(Budd.) buy fish and turtle and keep them alive in a pond (called 放池).
(4)  A living: 謀,營 make a living;
活,計,[sheng1huo2], [sheng1ji4]2, [sheng1ya2]↓.
(5)  Student, pupil, scholar: 儒 Confucian scholar;
a scholar, a pedant: 書之見 pedantic views;
徒 student, also apprentice;
teacher, also “Mr.” (placed after surname), also (polite and friendly) after personal name;
formerly, personal student or pupil of a master, also successful candidate vis輁is the examiner;
,女 boy, girl student;
,晚 self-reference of student, esp. in letter to teacher;
畢業 graduate student.
(6)  Male actor, opp. 旦 [dan4], actress.

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ㄕㄥ [sheng1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  Happen, occur: [sheng1qi3]↓;
v.i., (s.t.) happens, or v.t., produce (accident).
(2)  Produce, give birth to: 出 be born;
年月 date of birth;
下了男孩 give birth to a boy;
育,[sheng1yU4], [sheng1zhi2]↓;
財,[sheng1cai2], [sheng1chan3]↓;
viviparous, -ity;
oviparous, ovipara, -ity, those that produce offspring by eggs;
(3)  Create (accident, trouble, etc.): 事,出事來 cause trouble;
花樣 make difficulties;
節外枝 bring up unnecessary ramifications;
無事非 make uncalled-for trouble.
(4)  Be born (handsome, stupid, etc.), to grow: 得很漂亮 grow up beautiful;
得矮 be born short;
長,[sheng1zhang3], [sheng1cheng2]↓.
Adj(1)  Raw.uncooked (meat, fruit), not processed (iron, copper, silk, oil, etc.): 菜 uncooked, fresh vegetable;
unripe: 蘋果得很 the apple is still quite unripe;
地 one's birthplace, a strange place, a piece of uncultivated land;
書,課 a new, yet untaught lesson.
(2)  Crude, inexperienced, not smooth, not well learned: 澀,[sheng1se4]2, [sheng1ying4]↓;
(3)  Strange, unfamiliar: 人,[sheng1ren2], [sheng1ke4]1↓;
,陌 (face) not seen before;
字 new, unlearned character.
(4)  Alive: 擒 capture alive;
吞活剝 interpret text, passage crudely without real understanding (“eat it alive”);
拉硬拽 do arm-twisting, force s.o. to do s.t.
Adv(1)  Keenly in 恐,[sheng1kong3], [sheng1pa4]↓;
疼 keenly painful;
very much alive.
(2)  Abruptly, rudely, by force: 把他拉下來 pull him down by force;
(3)  Used as adv. ending: 好走路 walk cardfully;
我又不會 unfortunately, I don't know how;
how: 不知怎是好 don't know what to do (esp. in MC=怎麼, also wr. 作麼).
Words1.變 [sheng1bian4], v.i., trouble arises (mutiny, etc.). 
2.病 [sheng1bing4], v.i., fall ill. 
3.產 [sheng1chan3], v.i. & t. & n., (1)  produce, production: 產過剩 overproduction; 產力 productivity; 產率 rate of production; 產費 cost of production; 產量 volume of production; (2)  give birth to children. 
4.辰 [sheng1chen2], n., birthday. 
5.成 [sheng1cheng2], adj., born (clever, stubborn, etc.). 
6.前 [sheng1qian2], adv., while person was living. 
7.氣 [sheng1qi4](1)  v.i., to get angry; (2)  n., vitality (of vegetation, writing, also pr. ([sheng1qi0]). 
8.起 [sheng1qi3], v.t., to bring about. 
9.芻 [sheng1chu2], n., hay; (allu.) offering at grave, funeral gift. 
10.全 [sheng1qUan2], v. i., return alive, survive. 
11.趣 [sheng1qU4], n., as in 有趣 (writing) has lively interest; full of vitality. 
12.齒 [sheng1chi3], n., population: 齒過剩 overpopulation. 
13.動 [sheng1dong4], adj., moving: 氣韻動 (painting) has rhythmic vitality. 
14.發 [sheng1fa1], v.i., produce (profit). 
15.髮油 [sheng1fa3you2], n., hair oil. 
16.番 [sheng1fan1], n., savage, cannibal; savage tribe. 
17.分 [sheng1fen0], adj., (person) not intimate enough, not well known to one: 不分 quite familiar with each other. 
18.根 [sheng1gen1], v.i., take root (habit, studies). 
19.花 [sheng1hua1], phr., 花之筆,筆花 gifted pen, a rich style (Li Po dreamed that his “pen grew blossoms”). 
20.還 [sheng1huan2], phr., return alive. 
21.貨 [sheng1huo4], n., raw goods, material. 
22.火 [sheng1huo3], v.i., to light a fire. 
23.活 [sheng1huo2](1)  n., life, living, profession: 活維艱 it is hard making a living; n., 做活 make a living; 吃活 (Shanghai dialect) get a beating; 活費 living expenses, cost of living; 活力 vitality; 活素 vitamin (also 維他命); (2)  v.i., to live: 民非水火不能活 man cannot live without fire and water. 
24.虎子 [sheng1hu3zi0], n., (sl.) an inexperienced hand. 
25.長 [sheng1zhang3], v.i., (1)  (plants) grow; (2)  (the young) grow up: 長得不錯 grow up quite handsome. 
26.機 [sheng1ji1], n., spring of vitality, a new lease of life. 
27.薑 [sheng1jiang1], n., raw ginger. 
28.忌 [sheng1ji4]1, n., birthday of deceased person. 
29.計 [sheng1ji4]2, n., living, means of livelihood, profession. 
30.就(的) [sheng1jiu4]([de0]), adj., born one way or another (nervous, suspicious, etc.). 
31.知 [sheng1zhi1], n., (AC) those who are born wise. 
32.殖 [sheng1zhi2](1)  v.i., (plants) grow, multiply; (2)  v.i. & n., (men) reproduce, multiply,reproduction; v.i. & n., 殖器 sexual organs (male and female). 
33.聚 [sheng1jU4], v.i., (AC, LL of a nation) grow in population. 
34.客 [sheng1ke4]1, n., a stranger. 
35.剋 [sheng1ke4]2, v.i., mutually accelerate, reinforce, or counteract, neutralize; phr. in 五行 (the five movements): accelerate, 剋 counteract (木火,火剋金 “wood” accelerates “fire”, and “fire” is inimical to “metal”). 
36.口 [sheng1kou3], n., (1)  domestic animals (usu. wr. 牲口); (2)  (AC) war prisoners. 
37.壙 [sheng1kuang4], n., tomb erected by person or for oneself, while living. 
38.恐 [sheng1kong3], v.i., to fear, be afraid, see [sheng1pa4]↓. 
39.來 [sheng1lai2], adj., see [sheng1jiu4], [sheng1cheng2]↑. 
40.冷 [sheng1leng3], adj., cold (in style, approach); n., (Chin. med.) cold dishes, cold drinks, fruits. 
41.臉兒 [sheng1lia3er0], n., a stranger. 
42.憐 [sheng1lian2], v.t., to love (child, helpless or small being). 
43.料 [sheng1liao4], n., dry goods; 料廠 timber shop. 
44.利 [sheng1li4], v.i., (capital) bears interest; (business) makes profit. 
45.力軍 [sheng1li4jUn1], n., (mil.) fresh reinforcement. 
46.理 [sheng1li3], n., (1)  理學 physiology: 理化學 physiological chemistry; 理學家 physiologist; (2)  (dial.) business; (3)  料無理 it is feared s.o. will not live. 
47.靈 [sheng1ling2], n., all living things: 靈塗炭 the people's life destroyed, all life decimated. 
48.路 [sheng1lu4], n., way out: 無路 no way out or chance of escape; 另謀路 find another way of living. 
49.龍 (活虎) [sheng1long2], phr., 龍活虎 (of fighter or painting) extremely forceful or vivid. 
50.煤 [sheng1mei2], n., unburnt coal. 
51.命 [sheng1ming4], n., life: 命之保障 protection of life; 命保險 life insurance. 
52.民 [sheng1min2], n., (LL) the people, mankind: 民以來 since creation of mankind. 
53.母 [sheng1mu3], n., one's own mother. 
54.怕 [sheng1pa4], v.i., to fear, be afraid, lest: 怕來不及 afraid it is too late; 
55.命 [sheng1ming4], n., 怕他不答應 afraid that he will not consent. 
56.平 [sheng1ping2], adv. phr., all one's life; usually: 平不好酒 usually (one) does not drink or never drinks. 
57.人 [sheng1ren2], n., a stranger. 
58.日 [sheng1](')[ri4], n., birthday. 
59.色 [sheng1se4]1(1)  v.i., add color or luster (to gathering), come alive; (2)  adj., distinctive (performance). 
60.澀 [sheng1se4]2, adj., crude, faulty (knowledge), lacking in fluency (in reading). 
61.身 [sheng1shen1], n., as in 身父母 parents who give you birth; the (Mongolian) one who has not had smallpox. 
62. [sheng1sheng1], adv., (1)  generation after generation: 世世 ditto; (2)  well and healthy: 憂慮出病來 get sick from sheer worry (for a healthy person); 好的怎麼就死了 how could he die so suddenly-he was looking so well? 不息 life and growth in nature, continuous reproduction (of plants and animals). 
63.肖 [sheng1xiao4], n., the year of the animal in which one was born: 十二肖 (the year of the) rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, lamb, monkey, chicken, dog, pig-corresponding to the duodecimal cycle 子丑寅卯, etc.; see Appendix A. 
64.隙 [sheng1xi4], v.i., cause friction (between people). 
65.性 [sheng1xing4](1)  n., one's born nature (violent, gentle, etc.); (2)  ([sheng1xing0]) adj., aloof, solitary in nature: 他有點兒性 he does not get along well with people. 
66.心 [sheng1xin1], v.i., (AC) begin to feel disloyal. 
67.息 [sheng1xi2], v.i., (1)  (money) bear interest; (2)  (of animal herds) multiply. 
68.手(兒) [sheng1shou3]([er0]), n., an inexperienced hand. 
69.受 [sheng1shou4], v.i., (esp. Mc) to suffer: 不好受 difficult to bear; (MC) to suffer: 不好受 difficult to bear; (MC) 受你 (=modn. 難為你) thanks for the trouble. 
70.疏 [sheng1shu1], adj., (1)  (of friends) having less contact, getting more distant; (2)  (piano playing, sleight-of-hand, etc.) having not played for a long time, getting rusty. 
71.水 [sheng1shui3], n., unboiled water; fresh water. 
72.事 [sheng1shi4], v.i., to cause trouble. 
73.石灰 [sheng1shi2hui1], n., (chem.) calcium oxide. 
74.死 [sheng1si3], phr., life and death: 死關頭 grave crisis between life and death; 死之交 a friend until death. 
75.態學 [sheng1tai4xUe2], n., ecology, study of environmental influence on living beings. 
76.鐵 [sheng1tie3], n., pig iron, cast iron. 
77.菜 [sheng1cai4], n., (1)  uncooked or fresh vegetable; (2)  lettuce. 
78.財 [sheng1cai2], v.i., to make money. 
79.存 [sheng1cun2], v.i. & n., survive, survive-al. 
80.祠 [sheng1ci2], n., temple to one still living. 
81.疼 [sheng1tong4](1)  adj., very painful; (2)  v.t., to love dearly. 
82.徒 [sheng1tu2], n., disciple; pupil of private school; apprentice. 
83.子 [sheng1zi3], v.i., to give birth to a son. 
84.物 [sheng1wu4], n., living creature or plants; 物學 [sheng1wu4xUe2], biology; 物化學 biochemistry. 
85.養 [sheng1yang3], v.i., (of parents) give birth to and bring up children. 
86.涯 [sheng1ya2], n., see [sheng1ji4]2↑. 
87.業 [sheng1ye4], n., business: 不治業 does not attend to business or hold a job. 
88.意 [sheng1yi4], n., (1)  prospect of living or survival; (2)  ([sheng1yi4] or [sheng1yi0]) a business or business deal: 做意 run a business (shop, etc.); ([sheng1yi0]) a crooked deal; n., 意口 [sheng1yi4kou3], n., words of a petty dealer, not to be trusted; n., business man's ways or know-how; 意經 [sheng1yi4jing1], business sense, business expertise. 
89.硬 [sheng1ying4], adj., not smooth, not polished, crude (writing), rigid, stern, stiff. 
90.油 [sheng1you2], n., (1)  peanut oil; (2)  unrefined oil. 
91.員 [sheng1yUan2], n., formerly, students. 
92.育 [sheng1yU4], v.t. & n., give birth to and raise (children); growth (of population); 育能力 fertility. 

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ㄧㄝˇ [ye3. [Arch. of 41S.00]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄑㄧㄢˋ [qian4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA trench, moat: 天 natural terrain for defense.
Words1.壕 [qian4hao2], n., city moats; trench. 
(1)  One thousandth of a Chinese 尺 foot.
(2)  One hundredth of a 畝 [mu3].
(3)  One thousandth of a 兩 [liang3] or tael;
see Appendix C.
(4)  (Rate of interest) one tenth of one per cent: 月息四 a monthly interest of 0.4 per cent;
年息四 an annual interest of four per cent.
(5)  Short for 金:金,捐,[li2jin1], [li2jUan1], [li2qia3]↓.
(6)  (Interch. 禧 *[xi1]) happiness: 恭祝新 a Happy New Year!

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ㄌㄧˊ [li2 (*ㄒㄧ [xi1).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VTo regulate, rectify: 允百工 (AC) regulate the different offices;
定,[li2ding4], [li2zheng4]↓.
Words1.卡 [li2qia3], n., see [li2jin1]↓. 
2.定 [li2ding4], v.t., to work out or draw up (rules, regulations, etc.), also 訂. 
3.革 [li2ge2], v.t., to reform, readjust (old practices, rules, etc.). 
4.正 [li2zheng4], v.t., to correct, amend, edit (texts, drafts, etc.). 
5.金 [li2jin1], n., an internal tax on the transit of goods (formerly, spelled“likin”). 
6.捐 [li2jUan1], n., (=[li2jin1]↑). 
7.剔 [li2ti4], v.t., to strike out, expunge (anything superfluous). 

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ㄏㄨㄟˋ [hui4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N flowers and grass, plants in gen. flora (in painting).

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ㄋㄧㄝˋ [nie4. [Var. ; pop. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(AC) a dent in a sword.
V(1)  Bite: 臂 bite one's arm, as a pledge;
(of a man and a woman) as a pledge of love.
(2)  Erode, as water erodes a bank.
(1)  To rely on: 倚,依 to depend on (s.o.);
無依無 no one to support for living, quite alone;
天吃飯 without visible means of support;
此為生 depend on this for a living;
自己 depend on oneself;
別人 depend on others;
不可 not dependable;
see 得住,不住 [kao4de2zhu4], [kao4bu2zhu4]↓.
(2)  To lean on: 著 leaning on;
在一起 huddle together.

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ㄎㄠˋ [kao4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
PrepNear, along, toward, by: [kao4jin4]↓;
岸 alongshore;
牆 toward or by the wall;
海 (city) on the coast;
邊兒走 walk on the side (not in the middle);
右邊走 walk on the right;
背 (sleeping, sitting) back to back;
山吃山,水吃水 on the mountain one lives by mountain products, near the water one lives by the sea or river.
Words1.背 [kao4bei4], n., back of chair; (Chin. opera) armor; 背老生 (opera) military officer in armor. 
2.不住 [kao4bu2zhu4], adj., undependable. 
3.常兒 [kao4chang2er0], adj., (coll.) long lasting, wearing well. 
4.旗 [kao4qi2], n., (Chin. opera) pennant on back of military officer. 
5.得住 [kao4de2zhu4], adj., dependable. 
6.枕 [kao4zhen3], n., hard cushion used as arm rest on couch. 
7.近 [kao4jin4], adj. & prep., near: 近那邊 near that side. 
8.賴 [kao4lai4], v.t., depend on (s.o.). 
9.攏 [kao4long3], v.i. & t., lean toward; 攏份子 opportunist elements. 
10.山(兒) [kao4shan1] ([kao4sha1er0]), n., person for political or financial backing. 
11.手 [kao4shou3], n., arm rest. 
12.子 [kao4zi0], n., hard cushion for arm or back support: 車子 (in cart). 
13.托 [kao4tuo1], v.t., depend on (s.o. to do s.t.). 
14.椅 [kao4yi3], n., easy chair; lounge chair. 

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A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(AC) a tripod tapering off towards the top.
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[shi4. [Pop. of 22.21]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄓˊ [zhi2. [Usu. wr. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VTo straighten up or out: 其冤 to redress a wrong done to s.o.;
腰兒 stretch (body) a bit.
Adj(1)  Erect, vertical, straight, not crooked: 垂 perpendicular, hang straight;
上 straight up;
下 perpendicular;
腿 stretch legs straight;
挺挺,蹶蹶 straight and stiff (in erect or prostrate position);
勾勾,瞪瞪 stare bluntly, scared stiff;
very straight;
the right and wrong of parties in quarrel.
(2)  Straight and honest: 正 fair and honest;
(3)  Straight forward: 脾氣 straight temper: [zhi2xing4]↓;
honorable, inflexible, incorruptible;
心眼兒 forthright (person);
漢 an honest fellow;
,率 frank, candid, straight forward (confession, admission);
話 give a straight talk;
(4)  On duty: 日 (=值日) day on duty.
Adv(1)  Straight, directly: 達 go straight or directly;
視 look straight;
秉筆畫 write the truth without fear or favor;
言,說 talk straight;
in a straight manner;
前,向前往 go straightforward;
陳 to present (facts) straight.
(2)  Continuously: 一走 go without stop;
說 (or 哭) 下去 talk (or cry) on and on;
來 go and come back without stopover;
等一個人 keep waiting (without stop) for a person;
到 (conj.) until: 到日入 until sundown;
到今日 until today.
(3)  Just, only indeed: 是 be indeed, be just (a shadow, a phantasy, a joke, etc.);
須 need only to (ask him direct, etc.);
不百步耳 (孟子) (of a retreating army retreating fifty paces) only difference is that it did not retreat a hundred paces.
Words1.筆 [zhi2bi3], phr., record historical events without fear or favor. 
2.腸 [zhi2chang2], n., the rectum. 
3.臣 [zhi2chen2], n., an outspoken minister. 
4.到 [zhi2dao4]1, prep. & conj., until. 
5.道 [zhi2dao4]2, adj. & n., honest, straight dealing, the straight and narrow path. 
6.點兒 [zhi2diaaer0], adv., (apologize, etc.) continuously, repeatedly without stop. 
7.裰 [zhi2duo2], n., (of jacket or ancient robe) open with line of buttons straight down the center. 
8.根 [zhi2gen1], n., (bot.) axial root. 
9.觀 [zhi2guan1], n., intuition, intuitive perception, see [zhi2jUe2]↓. 
10.躬 [zhi2gong1], phr., (LL) see [zhi2dao4]2↑. 
11.棍兒 [zhi2guo4er0], n., (pop.) an honest fellow. 
12.講 [zhi2jiang3], n., formerly, a lecturer at government college (國子監). 
13.角 [zhi2jiao3], n., (math.) right angle; 角柱 right prism; 角錐 right pyramid; 角體 a cuboid; 角三角形 right-angled triangle. 
14.諫 [zhi2jian4], phr., to advise or admonish emperor at risk of latter's wrath. 
15.接 [zhi2jie2]1, adj. & adv., direct, direct-ly; 接民權 rights of referendum and recall; 接教授法 direct method of teaching modern language. 
16.捷 [zhi2jie2]2, adj. direct (communication, line): 捷 (or 截) 了當 phr., simple and direct (opp. beating about the bush). 
17.徑 [zhi2jing4], n., (math.) diameter. 
18.己 [zhi2ji3], phr., see [zhi2dao4]2↑. 
19.致 [zhi2zhi4](1)  adj., straight, without wavering; (2)  adv., until, so that. 
20.覺 [zhi2jUe2], n., intuition. 
21.諒 [zhi2liang4], adj., (AC) right and honorable (persons). 
22.隸 [zhi2li4], n., formerly, name for Hopei Province. 
23.溜 [zhi2liu0], adj., very smooth and straight. 
24.流 [zhi2liu2], n., (phys.) direct current. 
25.脈 [zhi2mo4](1)  adj., (bot.) straight-veined; (2)  n., direct line of descent, see [zhi2xi4]↑. 
26.聲 [zhi2sheng1](1)  n., reputation for honesty; (2)  phr., (cry) aloud. 
27.升機 [zhi2sheng1ji1], n., helicopter (or 昇). 
28.線 [zhi2xian4], n., (math.) straight line, or right line. 
29.轄 [zhi2xia2], adj., under direct jurisdiction of central government. 
30.系 [zhi2xi4], n., direct line (relatives). 
31.性(兒)(子) [zhi2xing4er0], (-[zi0]), adj., forthright (character). 
32.受兒 [zhi2shou4er0], phr., to receive gifts without giving in return. 
33.爽 [zhi2shuang3], adj., outspoken, straightforward, forthright. 
34.率 [zhi2shuai4], adj., ditto. 
35.譯 [zhi2yi4], v.t. & n., (to render) literal translation. 
36. [zhi2yU4], n., simile. 

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ㄔㄨˋ [chu4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
AdjPerpendicular: 立 stand erect;
very straight, straight up.

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ㄔㄚˊ [cha2 (*ㄓㄚ [zha1).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(*[zha1]) A surname.
V(1)  To investigate, audit, check, find out, inspect: 檢 to inspect (luggage), have physical checkup;
調 to investigate;
investigate thoroughly, crossexamine;
examine accounts;
收 (in letter) please receive;
看,察 look into;
暗訪 investigate (crime);
班 inspect class;
字典 look up dictionary;
對無訛 formula for okaying accounts;
戶口 check residents;
take census.
(2)  In opening paragraph relating findings: have gone into the matter and found that.
Words1.辦 [cha2ban4], v.i., to investigate and prosecute (case, person). 
2.抄 [cha2chao1], v.t., to confiscate (property; lit., “take inventory”). 
3.點 [cha2dian3], v.t., check (inventory) item by item. 
4.封 [cha2feng1], v.t., to confiscate and seal up (property, goods). 
5.核 [cha2he2], v.t., to examine (accounts). 
6.賬 [cha2zhang4], v.i., examine accounts. 
7.照 [cha2zhao4], v.i., (in official communications among equals) am submitting for your attention: 照辦理 please consider and act accordingly. 
8.禁 [cha2jin4], v.i., search for violations of ban (smuggled goods, etc.). 
9.究 [cha2jiu4], v.i., to investigate, follow up (a case): 究辦理 investigate and act accordingly; 究原因 find out the cause. 
10.考 [cha2kao3], v.t., look up for reference, data. 
11.勘 [cha2kan4], v.t., to investigate on the spot. 
12.明 [cha2ming2], v.t., to find out: 明真相 find out the true facts. 
13.哨 [cha2shao4], v.t., search passengers at sentry point. 
14.驗 [cha2yan4], v.t., to check up (physical conditions); inspect, (goods). 
15.閱 [cha2yUe4], v.t., read (report, correspondence). 

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ㄏㄨㄟˋ [hui4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A broomstick.
(2)  星 a comet.

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ㄓㄥˇ [zheng3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VTo put to order;
to adjust: 理,[zheng3li3], [zheng3dun4]↓;
衣冠 to adjust hat and dress;
裝就道 dress up and prepare for journey (also 旆);
裝待命 ready to move at short notice in full array;
好 put in good shape;
別把他壞了 don't spoil it, trying to fix it;
隊,旅 put army unit in good shape;
also the whole unit, see Adj.2↓;
to discipline, see [zheng3shu4]2↓.
Adj(1)  Neat, tidy, orderly: 齊,[zheng3qi0], [zheng3jie2]↓;
(2)  Whole, not divided: 完 intact;
個兒,[zheng3ge4er0], [zheng3shu4]1↓;
夜 whole day and night;
夜不眠 did not sleep the whole night;
塊給他 give him the whole piece;
句唸出來 read the whole sentence;
說不出一句話 cannot say a complete sentence;
院子都聽見你叫了 the whole courtyard heard your scream.
Words1.編 [zheng3bian1], v.t., to reorganize (army). 
2.齊 [zheng3qi0], adj., tidy, orderly, well-arranged (group or row), forming a complete set. 
3.飭 [zheng3chi4], adj., clean and orderly, sharply disciplined (conduct): 軍容飭 in fine battle array. 
4.頓 [zheng3dun4], v.t., to put to order, to restore to good shape: 頓學風 restore good order among the students. 
5.風 [zheng3feng1], v.t., (in Communist China) to rectify atmosphere of schools, party, etc. 
6.個兒 [zheng3ge4er0], adv., the whole piece or lot; completely (fail, destroyed, etc.). 
7. [zheng2zheng3](1)  adv., exactly: 一百元 exactly $100; (2)  adj., as in 齊齊 very neat and orderly, see [zheng3qi0]↓. 
8.潔 [zheng3jie2], adj., clean and neat. 
9.莊 [zheng3zhuang0], n., the whole amount. 
10.治 (1) [zheng3zhi4], v.t., see [zheng3li3]↓; [zheng3zhi4], (2)  ([zhi0]), to prepare (food), mend (clothing); (3)  to teach a lesson, punish: 我總得治他. 
11.兒 [zheng3er0], n., round number. 
12.臉子 [zheng3lian3zi0], n., person habitually wearing a severe countenance. 
13.理 [zheng3li3], v.t., to put to order (accounts), tidy up (room, appearance), shape up, revise (material for book). 
14.容 [zheng3rong2], v.i., to dress up, esp. to shave. 
15.日 [zheng3ri4], adv., the whole day; 日價 ditto. 
16.天 [zheng3tian1], adv., the whole day: 一天. 
17.形 [zheng3xing2], n., orthopedics: 形手術 plastic surgery. 
18.數 [zheng3shu4]1, n., a whole number, integral. 
19.肅 [zheng3shu4]2, v.t., (in communist China) to purge; also shortened to : 他一下 to discipline him. 
20.體 [zheng3ti3], n., the whole; 體化 integrate, integration. 
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A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA pot:(沙)子 an earthen pot (related 鍋子 [guo1zi0]).
(AC) a flat iron plate for making cakes.

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ㄠˊ [ao2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
A small chisel;
engraving tool.

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ㄗㄢˋ [zan4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VEngrave, carve: 花 carve flowers;
字 engrave characters.
Words1.刀 [zan4dao1], n., a graving knife. 
2.子 [zan4zi0], n., (1)  a small chisel; (2)  a graving tool. 
3.菜 [zan4cai4], n., (bot.) leomurus macranthrs

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ㄇㄞˋ [mai4. (sp. pr.); ㄇㄛˋ [mo4 (re. pr.).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Wheat, (oft. [mai4zi0]): 大 barley;
,燕 oats;
,烏 buckwheat.
(2)  A surname.
Words1.餅 [mai4bing3], n., wheaten cake. 
2.碴兒 [mai4cha2er0], n., potato grown on wheat field after wheat crop. 
3.場 [mai4chang2], n., thrashing floor for wheat. 
4.秋 [mai4qiu1], n., wheat harvest in 4th or 5th lunar month. 
5.冬 [mai4dong1], n., see [mai4men2dong1]↓. 
6.蛾 [mai4e2], n., a moth that feeds on wheat, Gelechia cerealella
7.麩子 [mai4fu2zi0], n., chaff, bran. 
8.糊 [mai4hu2], n., oatmeal. 
9.角(菌) [mai4jiao3]([jUn4]), n., ergot, a wheat disease, caused by Claviceps purpurea, a fungus. 
10.酒 [mai4jiu3], n., beer (usu. 啤酒 [mai4pi2]
11.克風 [mai4ke4feng1], n., (translit.) microphone. 
12.浪 [mai4lang4], n., waves of billowing wheat field caused by breeze. 
13.芒 [mai4mang2], n., the awn (bristly fibers) of wheat, or prickly wheat sheaf. 
14.門東 [mai4men2dong1], n., (bot.) a plant of leek family, Liriope graminfolia, much used as herb medicine. 
15.苗 [mai4miao2], n., wheat seedling. 
16.片 [mai4pian4], n., oatmeal. 
17.信風 [mai4xin4feng1], n., the northeast wind in 5th lunar month. 
18.穗兒 [mai4sui4er0], n., (1)  ears of wheat; (2)  lambskin with long hair resembling ears of grain. 
19.子 [mai4zi0], n., wheat or barley. 
20.牙糖 [mai4ya2tang2], n., malt sugar. 
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[meng4. [Abbr. of 20A.23-4]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
(1)  Time long past: 遠 time immemorial;
(史),中 (史) ancient, medieval times (history);
往今來 from ancient to modern times.
(2)  Ancient artifacts, relics of the past: 考 to study ancient relics;
學 (家) archeology, archeologist.
(3)  A particular style of painting or pottery of the past: 仿 in the style of an ancient master or period;
(painting) imitate an ancient master;
(of political or social institutions) follow an ancient practice.
(4)  The ancient people: 疑 to doubt the ancients;
,懷 nostalgia, thinking of the past;
(of person) passed away, died (joined the ancients).
(5)  A surname.

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ㄍㄨˇ [gu3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adj(1)  Old, ancient, classic, oldfashioned: [gu3dai4], [gu3ren2], [gu3wu4]↓;
錢,畫,籍 ancient coins, paintings, books;
裝 old-fashioned binding or dress;
妝 in ancient costume;
語,諺 an old saying, proverb;
井無波 (usu. of women) have no more sexual desire, (lit., “not a ripple in an ancient well”);
香 (of ancient objects of art) having antique flavor;
法 time-honored methods.
(2)  (Of persons or things) different from the gen. accepted norm: [gu3guai0], [gu3ban3]↓.
Words1.板 [gu3ban3], adj., (1)  ultra-conservative, single-track-minded; unavvommodating; (2)  oldfashioned, out-of -date. 
2.剎 [gu3cha4], n., an ancient temple. 
3.代 [gu3dai4], n., ancient times. 
4.道 [gu3dao4](1)  adj., kind, considerate, generous (lit., “acting like a gentleman of old”): 道熱腸 considerate and warmhearted; (2)  n., ancient rules and methods; (3)  n., ancient road. 
5.典 [gu3dian3], n., & adj., classic, classical: 典主義 classicism; 典派 classicist; 典音樂 classical music. 
6.董(兒) [gu3dong3]([er0]), n., curios, antiques (also wr. 骨董). 
7.方 [gu3fang1], n., (1)  an ancient medical recipe; (2)  old methods or ways of doing things. 
8.風 [gu3feng1], n., (1)  ancient manners, customs and habits; (2)  ancient style poetry. 
9.怪 [gu3guai0], adj., peculiar, eccentric,exotic: 希奇怪 strange and eccentric. 
10.跡 [gu3ji1], n., historic monuments, sites. 
11.記兒 [gu3jie4er0], n., ancient events or incidents: 聽記兒 listen to a storyteller telling old stories. 
12.今 [gu3jin1], n., ancient and modern times. 
13.老 [gu3lao3], adj., old-fashioned, outmoded. 
14.來 [gu3lai2], adv., since ancient times. 
15.樸 [gu2pu3], adj., (of manners) simple and plain, uncontaminated by modern fads. 
16.人 [gu3ren2], n., (1)  the ancients; (2)  a person who has passed away. 
17.稀 [gu3xi1], adj., seventy years old: 稀老人 an old man aged three score and ten; 年近稀 approaching seventy in age. 
18.昔 [gu3xi2], adj., of old, in times gone by. 
19.學 [gu3xUe2], n., ancient learning, knowledge of the classic. 
20.時 [gu3shi2], n., ancient times. 
21.訓 [gu3xUn4], n., (1)  ancient maxims or precepts; (2)  ancient meanings of words. 
22.銅 [gu3tong2], n., (1)  ancient bronze works; (2)  the color of ancient bronzes. 
23.玩 [gu3wan3], n., curios. 
24.文 [gu3wen2], n., (1)  archaic script of Jou period; (2)  文學派 a school of Confucian classicists believing in the authenticity of parts of classics doubted by 今文派; (3)  the classic style of writing. 
25.物 [gu3wu4], n., (1)  ancient relics; (2)  ancient objects of art. 
26.雅 [gu3ya3], adj., with a classic touch and in the best taste. 

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ㄒㄧㄥˋ [xing4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NApricot: 仁 almond, see [xing4ren2]↓.
Words1.脯 [xing4fu3], n., preserved apricot. 
2.乾兒 [xing4ga1er0], n., dried apricot. 
3.花 [xing4hua1], n., apricot flower; 花村 oft. used to describe a spring rustic scene. 
4.黃 [xing4huang2], adj., apricot yellow. 
5.臉 [xing4lian3], n., oval face of girl or woman. 
6.林 [xing4lin2], n., (allu., rare) medical doctor. 
7.仁 [xing4ren2], n., almond; 仁兒茶 almond cream; 仁兒粉 almond powder; 仁精 almond essence; 仁水 almond drink. 
8.壇 [xing4tan2], n., school platform, the teaching rostrum; orig.the apricot grove where Confucius taught. 
9.眼 [xing4yan3], n., woman's apricot-like eyes. 
10.靨 [xing4ye4], n., a woman's oval face; see [xing4lian3]↓. 
A declaration, announcement: 文 statement by ruler or superior;
public notice;

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ㄍㄠˋ [gao4 (*ㄍㄨˋ [gu4).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  Tell, inform, announce: (LL) 我, (vern.) 訴我 tell me;
v.i. & n., (to, a) report to a superior;
密 give secret information against s.o., see [gao4mi4]↓.
(2)  Oft. used in the sense of “be”or “reported to be”in certain phrr.: 罄 be exhausted: 存貨罄 all our stock has been exhausted;
乏 be tired or exhausted;
終,成,竣 be completed, see [gao4zhong1], [gao4cheng2], [gao4jUn4]↓.
(3)  Sue, accuse: [gao4su4]↓;
他一狀 file a suit against him;
the plaintiff;
the defendant.
(4)  Ask for: [gao4lao3]↓;
退 [gao4tui4]↓;
病 ask for sick leave, be sick;
饒 ask for pardon;
奮勇 offer one's free services.
(5)  (*[gu4]) In 忠 tell a.o. honestly what one thinks (also [gao4]);
朔 (AC) ancient sacrifice at ancestral temple.
Words1.白 [gao4bai2], n., a public notice. 
2.幫 [gao4bang1], v.i., ask for financial assistance. 
3.窆 [gao4bian3], n., an obituary notice. 
4.便(兒) [gao4bian4] ([gao4biaher0]), v.i., (1)  bid bood-bye to friends for a short leave of absence; (2)  go to the toilet. 
5.別 [gao4bie2], v.i., take leave. 
6.稟 [gao4bing3], v.i., to file a petition, to request from superior. 
7.成 [gao4cheng2], v.t., announce the completion of s.t. important: 大功成 the great task has been (reported) completed. 
8.貸 [gao4dai4], v.i., make a request for a loan, borrow money: 貸無門 nowhere to borrow money. 
9.發 [gao4fa1], v.t., formally inform court of a crime committed, lodge complaint. 
10.假 [gao4jia4], v.i., ask for leave of absence. 
11.誡 [gao4jie4], v.t., warn, enjoin, admonish. 
12.訐 [gao4jie2]1, v.i., inform against s.o. 
13.捷 [gao4jie2]2, v.i. & t., announce victory, be victorious. 
14.警 [gao4jing3], v.i., to sound an alarm, give report of danger. 
15.急 [gao4ji2], v.i., make an emergercy request for help. 
16.狀 [gao4zhuang4], v.t. & n., to sue at court; text of formal complaint. 
17.終 [gao4zhong1], v.i., be completed. 
18.知 [gao4zhi1], v.i. & t., tell, inform, notify. 
19.竣 [gao4jUn4], see [gao4zhong1]↑. 
20.老 [gao4lao3], v.i., retire from age. 
21.密 [gao4mi4], v.i., give secret information against s.o. 
22.擾 [gao4rao3], v.i., to thank one's host for his hospitality, a phr. used on taking leave: 擾了. 
23.示 [gao4shi0], n., a public announcement. 
24.訴 [gao4su4], v.t., (1)  (law) bring a suit against s.o.: 訴乃論 a case will be taken cognizance of by the court only if s.o. files a suit; (2)  ([gao4su0]) tell, inform: 我訴你 I tell you; 不能訴你 I can't tell you. 
25.辭 [gao4ci2], v.i., bid good-bye, take leave. 
26.退 [gao4tui4], v.i., ask to be excused from meeting; resign from office. 
27.罪 [gao4zui4], v.i., (court.) please excuse me for any unintentional offense; 無罪 can say I have a clear conscience, have done my best. 

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ㄓㄜˊ [zhe2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Wisdom: 學,[zhe2xUe2], [zhe2li3]↓.
(2)  Sage, wise man: 聖 the sages.
AdjWise: 明 discreet;
保身 keep out of harm by discretion.
Words1.理 [zhe2li3], n., philosophy, philosophical principle. 
2.人 [zhe2ren2], n., a wise man, the sage master. 
3.學 [zhe2xUe2], n., philosophy; 學家 philosopher. 
4.嗣 [zhe2si4], n., (court.) your son. 

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ㄕˋ [shi4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NAn oath, a pledge: 願,言,[shi4yUan4], [shi4yan2], [shi4yUe1]↓;
take oath in public;
,起,發 take an oath;
,違 break one's pledge.
VTo swear: 不兩立 swear that one of the two must be destroyed;
不甘休 swear to fight to the finish;
死不屈 swear to die rather than submit;
必 swear to.
Words1.詞 [shi4ci2], n., text of oath. 
2.言 [shi4yan2], n., a pledge. 
3.願 [shi4yUan4], v.i., to swear before God; n., a pledge. 
4.約 [shi4yUe1], v.i. & n., (to make) a pledge (of alliance, marriage, etc.). 
To deride, clamor: .

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ㄠˊ [ao2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adj(AC) magnificent: 乎大哉.
(AC) sound of crashing.

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ㄏㄨㄛˋ [huo4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄈㄢˊ [fan2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NAlum: 明,白 alum;
,青 copperas, ferrous sulphate.
Words1.紙 [fan2zhi3], n., sized paper (for painting). 
2.石 [fan2shi2], n., (min.) alum shale. 
3.土 [fan2tu3], n., (min.) alumina. 

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ㄧㄠˇ [yao3 (also ㄇㄧㄠˇ [miao3).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adj(1)  Deeply hidden: 冥,[yao3ming2], [yao3yUan3]↓.
(2)  Dark, silent: [yao3ran2]↓;
(3)  無音信 completely not heard from;
無蹤 left without a trace;
如黃鶴 (LL) gone like the yellow stork.
Words1.冥 [yao3ming2], adj., dark and fathomless. 
2.然 [yao3ran2], adj., without any sound. 
3.遠 [yao3yUan3], adj., far distant. 
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[chun1. [Anc. var. of 12.41]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
(1)  Clear (=晰 41A.22).
(2)  White (u.f. 皙).
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A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
(1)  Temporary, for the time being: 且,[zhan4qie3], [zhan4shi2]↓;
定 temporarily decide(d);
住 stop at place for a while;
用,借 use, borrow, for a short period;
緩 postpone for the moment;
不施行 hold up measure for the present.
(2)  (AC) suddenly: 面 suddenly see one's face.

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ㄓㄢˋ [zhan4 (re, pr. ㄗㄢˋ [zan4). [Related 63A. 22]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Words1.且 [zhan4qie3], adv., for the time being. 
2.時 [zhan4shi2], adv., ditto. 
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[cao2. [Form of callig. of 20.41]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
(1)  (Of human skin) white: 白,白 very white.
(2)  Clear (var. of 晰 41A.22)

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ㄒㄧ [xi1. [Var. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄕㄥˇ [sheng3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(AC) (1)  (med.) eye cataract.
(2)  Unfortunate mistakes: 除 eliminate errors, malpractices;
災 (AC) calamities.

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ㄙㄜˋ [se4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
AdjMiserly, stingy: 吝 ditto.

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ㄈㄨˇ [fu3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A man's courtesy name 字: 台 (court.) your personal name.
(2)  (Court.) 尊 your father =父.
Adv(LL) Just: 至,畢 just arrived, just closed (meeting);
能 be just able to;
識 just begin to know.

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ㄑㄧㄥ [qing1.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  (LL) bamboo strip, formerly used for writing: such bamboo strip;
completion of a book or film production;
prepared bamboo strip for writing (“sweated bamboo,” i.e., heated bamboo to drive out moistrue, also called 汗).
(2)  Green pastures: [qing1er0]↓.
Adj(1)  Green, greenish, sometimes blue;
cf. 錄,[qing1lU4], [qing1cui4]↓;
虛虛 very green;
山綠水 green hills and blue waters;
天 the blue sky;
臉色發 sallow, greenish complexion;
腫 bluish swelling on skin;
出於藍而勝於藍 pupil excels teacher (“green comes from blue but excels blue”);
不管紅皂白 phr., irrespective of right or wrong in dispute (“green, red, black or white”).
(2)  Not ripe: 梅,杏 green prune, apricot;
橘子還呢 the orange is not ripe yet;
黃不接 food shortage between two harvests, gap between generations or any gap in succession.
(3)  Young: 年 (of person) young, immature;
他很年 he is very young;
春,[qing1chun1], [qing1nian2]↓.
(4)  Black, dark, greyish: 牛,狐 black ox, black fox;
驪,馬 grey horse;
dark, heavy blue;
dark green;
purplish black;
素 black and white (clothing);
絲 black hair.
(5)  Gracious: 眼 (the black of eye) sympathetic look, dist. 白眼 (white of eye) look of disdain;
覽,鑒,及 (in letters) for your gracious perusal;
眼,[qing1yan3], [qing1lai4]↓;
show favor to (person), kindly look or consideration.
Words1.錢 [qing1qian2], n., coins of copper or copper alloys. 
2. [qing1qing1], adj., green (grass). 
3.春 [qing1chun1], adj. & n., (1)  young, period of youth: 春時代 years of one's youth; 春期 puberty; adj. & n., (2)  age (in asking of a youth): 你春幾何 how young (i.e., old) are you? 
4.蟲 [qing1chong2], n., a caterpillar. 
5.雀 [qing1qUe4], n., a small singing bird, Eophona personata
6.黛 [qing1dai4], n., a Chinese medicine made from scum on indigo, for external use. 
7.燈 [qing1deng1], n., an oil lamp, esp. in temple. 
8.豆 [qing1dou4], n., green beans in gen. 
9.蛾 [qing1e2], n., moth; (LL) (fig.) eyebrow (resembling moth's feelers). 
10.礬 [qing1fan2], n., ferrous sulphate. 
11.蜂 [qing1feng1], n., a kind of wasp, Stilbum amethyslinum
12.蚨 [qing1fu2], n., (LL) money, cash. 
13.蛤 [qing1ge2], n., a kind of edible clam (=蛤蜊). 
14.光眼 [qing1guang1yan3], n., (Chin. med.) glaucoma (cf. [qing1mang2]↓). 
15.宮 [qing1gong1], n., (LL) residence of crown prince. 
16.果 [qing1guo3], n., (1)  the olive; (2)  fresh fruit; 果公會 fruit-dealers’ association. 
17.蒿 [qing1hao1], n., (bot.) Artemisia apiacea
18.花 [qing1hua1], n., (1)  fine grains on ink stone; (2)  flower design on porcelain. 
19.花魚 [qing1hua1yU2], n., a fish, Scomber japonicus
20.灰 [qing1hui1], n., greenish lime. 
21. [qing1jian3], n., (LL) books in gen. ( being bamboo strips). 
22.椒 [qing1jiao1]1, n., green pepper. 
23.鮫 [qing1jiao1]2, n., a ferocious sea fish, Isuropsis glauca
24.金 [qing1jin1]1, n., lead or tin. 
25.衿(襟) [qing1jin1]2, n., (LL) students, youth (from students'dress in classical times). 
26.竹絲 [qing1zhu2si1], n., a small, green, poisonous snake. 
27.稞 [qing1ke1], n., a variety of wheat grown in high plateaus of Tibet and Chin. Turkestan. 
28.兒 [qing1er0], n., (1)  green pasture, green fields: 逛兒 take a walk in the countryside; 放兒 to pasture cows, sheep; (2)  seedlings in field: 看兒 watch seedlings against birds; (3)  (coll.) egg white. 
29.欖 [qing1lan3], n., olive. 
30.睞 [qing1lai4], n., (LL) your gracious look or consideration. 
31.帘 [qing1lian2]1, n., sign of wine shop. 
32.蓮 [qing1lian2]2, n., lotus, (fig.) Buddha's eyes. 
33.藜 [qing1li2], n., walking stick. 
34.蛉 [qing1ling2], n., a dragonfly. 
35.鱗魚 [qing1lin2yU2], n., herring. 
36.樓 [qing1lou2], n., (LL) a singsong house; a brothel. 
37.鸞 [qing1luan2], n., a bird with many bright colors, related to 鳳 42.70. 
38.螺 [qing1luo2], n., a kind of clam, Acmaea schrenckii
39.龍 [qing1long2], n., (1)  dragon, as a symbol of good omen; (2)  the left side (opp. 白虎 the right side). 
40.綠 [qing1lU4], n., green color: 綠山水 landscape painting of northern school with fine lines and bluish-green colors; 山綠水 beautiful country scene (“green mountains and blue waters”). 
41.盲 [qing1mang2], n., amaurosis, due to optic nerve, but without organic trouble; color blind; see [qing1guang1yan3]↑. 
42.茅 [qing1mao2], n., (bot.) Miscanthus tinctorius, a grass whose stem and leaves are used for yellow dye. 
43.梅 [qing1mei2]1, n., green prunes: 梅竹馬 the games of childhood, hence, the period when a boy and girl grew up together. 
44.黴 [qing1mei2]2, n., a green mold, penicillium; 黴素 ditto. 
45.苗 [qing1miao2], n., system of farmers’ loan at planting time, to be returned at harvest, instituted in 1069 A.D. by 王安石, (also called 苗錢). 
46.目 [qing1mu4], see [qing1yan3]↓. 
47.囊 [qing1nang2], n., geomancy (from a book on geomancy 囊經). 
48.鳥 [qing1niao3], n., (myth.) bird messenger of Fairy God-Moth-er 西王母; (LL) messenger; The Blue Bird by Maurice Maeterlinck. 
49.年 [qing1nian2], n. & adj., youth; youthful; 年期 adolescence; 年會 Y.M.C.A.; 年商會 Junior Chamber of Commerce; 年節 Youth Day. 
50.女 [qing1nU3], n., the goddess of frost. 
51.盼 [qing1pan4], n., your gracious look or consideration. 
52.皮 [qing1pi2], n., (1)  a tree, Ilex macropoda; (2)  orange peel, used in medicine; (3)  (coll.) a ne'er-do-well, an eccentric or impertinent fellow. 
53.萍 [qing1ping2], n., duckweed. 
54.紗障(帳) [qing1sha1zhang4], n., (in Manchuria) tall growing Indian corn, sorghum, etc. convenient for hiding of rebels. 
55.衫 [qing1shan1], n., (1)  plain dress; (2)  see [qing1yi1]↓. 
56.蝦 [qing1xia1], n., shrimp; prawn. 
57.士 [qing1shi4], n., (LL) bamboo. 
58.石 [qing1shi2], n., granite; also Lapis lazuli
59.史 [qing1shi3], n., history: 史留名 have a niche in history, leave one's name to posterity. 
60.蒜 [qing1suan4], n., leek. 
61.絲 [qing1si1], n., black hair: 斬斷絲 shave off one's hair to enter monastery. 
62.苔 [qing1tai2], n., moss, lichens. 
63.天 [qing1tian1], n., (1)  the clear, blue sky: 天白日 in broad daylight; (2)  as symbol of justice: 重見天 regain freedom, freed from prison; formerly, address to judge: 天大人. 
64.頭菌 [qing1tou2jUn4], n., a mushroom, Lactaris hatsudake
65.菜 [qing1cai4], n., fresh vegetables in gen. 
66.翠 [qing1cui4], adj., beautiful green (garden, etc.). 
67.蔥 [qing1cong1](1)  adj., ditto; (2)  n., onion. [qing1ci2]1, n., pure pale-green porcelain, much valued. 
68.詞 [qing1ci2]2, n., Taoist prayer, written on special paper. 
69.桐 [qing1tong2]1, n., the [wu2tong2] (梧桐 10A.40). 
70.銅 [qing1tong2]2, n., bronze; 銅時代 the Bronze Age; 銅器 bronze vessels. 
71.紫 [qing1zi3], adj. & n., (1)  purple and blue (bruise); (2)  ancient officials of high rank (dressed in purple and green). 
72.蛙 [qing1wa1], n., the common frog. 
73.眼 [qing1yan3], v.t., look on with favor or pleasure, dist. 白眼 show white of eye in disdain. 
74.陽 [qing1yang2]1, n., (LL) springtime. 
75.楊 [qing1yang2]2, n., a kind of willow, Salix thunbergiana (also called 楊). 
76.衣 [qing1yi1], n., (1)  (AC) servant, maid; (2)  plain informal dress: 衣小帽; (3)  (AC) green robes worn in spring; (4)  (Chin. opera) role of simple good young woman (dressed in black, specializing in singing). 
77.熒 [qing1ying2]1, adj., shining (of lamp light, jade). 
78.蠅 [qing1ying2]2, n., green flies, Lucilia caecar (also called 金蠅). 
79.玉 [qing1yU4], n., sapphire (=藍寶石). 
80.魚 [qing1yU2], n., a carp-like fish. 
81.雲 [qing1yUn2], n., the region of clouds: (a) symbolic of great official career or literary rank; 直上雲 hit the highest literary honors; and (b) symbolic of retirement to nature. 

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ㄋㄢˊ [nan2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  The south: [nan2fang1]↓;
轅北轍 to head for the wrong. direction, diametrically opposite;
地北 (of friends or relatives) be separated far and wide.
(2)  The southern parts of a country: 腔北調 (of speech) talk with mixed accents;
北人相 a northerner with the looks of a southerner.
(3)  A surname.
AdvSouthward: 巡 (or kings) make an inspection trip in the south;
奔 escape southward;
投 go southward;
行 ditto;
下 go down south.
Words1.半球 [nan2ban4qiu2], n., the Southern Hemisphere. 
2.北朝 [nan2bei3chao2], n., era of the Southern and Northern Dyns., 420-589 A.D. 
3.方 [nan2fang1], n., (1)  (of direction) the south: 在方 in the south; 面向方 facing the south; (2)  the southern parts of a country: 方人 a southerner; 方女郎 a girl from the south. 
4.非 [nan2fei1], n., South Africa; 非聯邦 NamFei Liarnbang1, Union of South Africa; Republic of South Africa since 1961. 
5.瓜 [nan2gua1], n., (bot.) the pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo
6.瓜子兒 [nan2gua0tzeeer0], n., pumpkin seeds. 
7.國 [nan2guo2], N., the south in general: 國佳人 a beauty from the south. 
8.回歸線 [nan2hui2gui1xian4], n., the Tropic of Capricorn. 
9.貨 [nan2huo4], n., (orig.) products from southern China; now, any native product, foodstuff, ham, etc. 
10.胡 [nan2hu2], n., a kind of musical instrument. 
11.鍼 [nan2zhen1], n., (also 針) a compass, (fig.) a guide or guideline, abbr. from 指針. 
12.箕 [nan2ji1], n., as in 箕北斗 (lit.) the Sagittarius and the Dipper; (fig.) nominal things without any practical use. 
13.京 [nan2jing1], n., Nanking. 
14.極 [nan2ji2], n., (geog.) the South Pole; 極圈 the Antarctic Circle; 極洲 Antarctica. 
15.燭 [nan2zhu2], n., (bot.) (also 天燭) Andromeda ovalifolia
16.柯 [nan2ke1], n., in 柯一夢 (allu.) an imaginary or empty dream, symbolic of man's life. 
17.美 [nan2mei3], n., South America. 
18.面 [nan2mian4], n., (1)  the south; (2)  (AC) a king or emperor: 面稱王 to ascend the throne (from ancient practice that all kings sat facing the south in holding audience). 
19.無 [nan2mo2] ([nan2mo0]), v.t., (Sanskrit) Namo, take refuge in (the Buddha, the dharma or the sangha). 
20.山壽 [nan2shan1shou4], phr., 壽比山 many, many happy returns of the day (lit., “as longlived as Mt. Nanshan”). 
21.斯拉夫 [nan2si1la1fu1], n., Yugoslavia. 
22.天竹 [nan2tian1zhu2], n., (bot.) Nandia domestica
23.腿 [nan2tui3], n., a kind of ham produced in southern China. 
24.緯 [nan2wei3], n., (geog.) southern latitudes. 
25.洋 [nan2yang2], n., the South Seas; 洋群島 the South Sea Islands. 

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ㄉㄨˊ [du2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NPoison: 有 be poisonous;
([zhong4du2]) get poisoned;
put poison in (drink);
commit suicide by. poison;
deleterious effect, harm to society;
to disinfect, sterilize;
counteract poison;
藥 antidote.
VTo poison: 殺,死,斃 poison to death;
害 to harm gravely, persecute to death.
Adj(1)  Poisonous: 蟲,蛇 poisonous insect, snake;
牙,刺 poison fangs, poisonous sting;
箭,酒 poisoned arrow, wine.
(2)  Malicious, murderous, with hate or intention to harm: (下) 手 use murderous means;
計 dastardly plan to hurt or persecute;
心 murderous heart;
心腸 cruel heart;
恨 bitter hate;
evil, cruel;
打 beat mercilessly;
罵 revile, rail at madly.
Words1.氣 [du2qi4], n., poisonous gas. 
2.著兒 [du2zhao1er0], n., a murderous plan. 
3.質 [du2zhi2], n., poisonous material, element. 
4.辣 [du2la4], adj., murderous, cruel, devilish (plan). 
5.砂 [du2sha1], n., (min.) arsenopyrite. 
6.素 [du2su4], n., toxin. 
7.血症 [du2xUe4zheng4], n., toxemia. 
8.瓦斯 [du2wa3si1], n., poison gas. 
9.藥 [du2yao4], n., poison. 

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ㄈㄣˊ [fen2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  (AC) cross beams on roof.
(2)  A kind of hemp cloth.
AdjConfusing, tangled.

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ㄌㄧˊ [li2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VTo scrape with a knife.

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ㄠˊ [ao2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA steed, charger;
an uncontrollable wild horse, mustang.
AdjUnruly, uncontrollable, proud: 桀 violent-tempered;
放 proud and disdainful of conventions.

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ㄐㄧㄝˊ [jie2. [Var. of 91A.01]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄠˊ [ao2 (* [ao1).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  To stew (beef, vegetable), decoct (medicine), simmer (gruel) and make thick soup.
(2)  To suffer (as in Eng. “stew in one's own juice”): 不過苦刑 could endure no longer the tortures;
過這一夜 (of dying patient) pull through this night;
夜,眼皮子 to go without sleep the whole night;
枯受淡 drag through a monotonous life.
Adj(*[ao1]) Worried, despondent: 今天他了 he is in a bad mood today;
心,[ao2xin1], [ao2nao3]↓;
Words1. [ao2ao2], adj., (AC) discontented, clamorous (=嗷嗷). 
2.喳兒 *[ao1cha2er0], adj., depressed, indifferent to everything. 
3.煎 [ao2jian1], v.i. & t., to endure, drag through unhappy days: 怕家眷受煎 afraid that one's family will live through hard days. 
4.煉 [ao2lian4], v.t., to let (person, body) go through hard training. 
5.惱 *[ao1nao3], adj., irritated, vexed. 
6.審 [ao2shen3], v.t., to apply third degree. 
7.心 *[ao1xin1], adj., see [ao2nao3]↑. 
8.刑 [ao2xing2], v.t., to endure tortures by court, police. 
9.頭 *[ao1tou0], n., mental torment; 心裡這一分頭 this torment, anguish in my heart; 頭兒 reward for long hardships and patience; 將來有個頭兒 will be well rewarded (for present suffering). 
10.油(兒) [ao2you2]([er0]), v.i., to waste lamp oil by not sleeping at night. 

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ㄠˊ [ao2. [Pop. of 10.70]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄑㄧ [qi1 (ㄑㄧˊ [qi2 before 4th tone (h) and unaccented syllable).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA seventh day after death, when sacrifice is offered until seven times seven days (forty-ninth) is over;
forty-ninth day;
the first seventh;
the third seventh, etc.
AdjSeven, seven times;
放 (allu.) 諸葛亮擒孟獲 Juker Liahng subjugated a native chief by capturing him and releasing him seven times;
十二 a round number;
十二行 every one of the seventy-two professions;
an impossible number in dice where the maximum is six, hence a miracle: 說出來也不行 even a miracle won't make (s.o.) budge;
他可貧出來了 he is down to the last cent;
…八… higgledy-piggledy, pell-mell;
大八小,長八短 of uneven size;
顛八倒 totter in any and all directions;
八糟,零八落 all a hideous mess;
扭八歪 (of things) in a state of great disorder: 楞八瓣 of most uneven size and formation;
手八腳 to serve hand and foot;
上八下 (or 落) in a mental flurry of indecision;
嘴八舌,言八語 all talking in confusion or offering different opinions;
拼八湊 to scrape together;
折八扣 not pay up full amount;
通八達 (of location) reaching out in all directions;
老八十 in one's seventies.
Words1.寶 [qi1bao3], n., (Budd.) seven kinds of gems (and other explanations): 寶樓臺 tower of seven jewels. 
2. [qi1qi1], n., (1)  the seven times seven days after death. see N.↑; (2)  the seventh day of seventh lunar month, see [qi1xi4]↓; 事變 July 7, 1937, the outbreak of Sino-Japanese War. 
3.巧(板) [qi1qiao3]([ban3]), n., (1)  see [qi1xi4]↓; (2)  the magic square, cut into seven pieces, which could be arranged in many different shapes, an educational puzzle. 
4.竅 [qi1qiao4], phr., the seven apertures of human face (eyes, ears, nostrils and mouth): 竅流血 bleeding from nose and mouth, etc.; 竅生煙 fumigate with anger. 
5.情 [qi1qing2], phr., the normal human emotions of joy, anger, sorrow, fear, love, hate and desire. 
6.出 [qi1chu1], phr., formerly, the seven valid reasons for divorce: (1)  barrenness, (2)  adultery, (3)  disrespect to parents-in-law, (4)  wicked tongue, (5)  theft, (6)  jealousy and (7)  heinous disease. 
7.尺 [qi1chi3], phr., 尺之軀 the human adult body, seven “foot” 尺 in ancient measure (a foot being perhaps seven modern inches). 
8.古 [qi1gu3], n., see [qi1yan2]↓. 
9.件事 [qi1jian4shi4], phr., the seven household needs: 柴 fuel, 米 rice, 油 oil, 鹽 salt, 醬 sauce, 醋 vinegar, 茶 tea. 
10.絕 [qi1jUe2], n., see [qi1yan2shi1]↓. 
11.律 [qi1lU4], n., see [qi1yan2shi1]↓. 
12.色 [qi1se4], n., the seven colors of spectrum or rainbow. 
13.聲 [qi1sheng1], phr., the seven-tone scale of music: 宮,商,角,徵,羽 (pentatonic) plus 變徵 fa and 變宮 ti
14.香 [qi1xiang1], n., a mixture of seven spices. 
15.絃 [qi1xian2], n., the seven-stringed instrument. 
16.夕 [qi1xi4], n., the festival of the seventh day of seventh month, celebrating the annual reunion of lovers, the Cowherd and the Spinster, two stars in heaven, also called 乞巧. 
17.星 [qi1xing1], n., (astron.) the Great Dipper; 星板 a panel in coffin carved with design of the Great Dipper. 
18.條 [qi1tiao2], n., Buddhist cassock: 條袈裟. 
19.言詩 [qi1yan2shi1], n., a poetic form of seven syllables to a line; 律 such poem of eight lines with prescribed tonal pattern; 絕 of four lines with prescribed tonal pattern; 古 poem of seven syllables to a line, without tonal prescription and of any number of lines. 
20.曜 [qi1yao4], n., the seven days of the week, named after the sun (Sunday), the moon (Monday) and five planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn). 
21.音 [qi1yin1], n., (1)  (phonetics) the seven classes of consonants; 脣 labial, 舌 lingual, 牙 back teeth, 齒 dental, 喉 guttural, 半舌 lateral and 半齒 dental sibilant; (2)  see [qi1sheng1]↑. 
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[shen2. [Abbr. of 20.21]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄊㄨㄣˊ [tun2 (*ㄓㄨㄣ [zhun1, *ㄔㄨㄣˊ [chun2).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  ([tun2zi0], [tun2er0]) A small hamlet.
(2)  (*[chun2]) Anc. place name.
V(1)  To hoard, stock up for sale:貨 stock up goods;
糧(mil.) stock up food supplies;
gather, accumulate,聚,[tun2jU4],[tun2ji1]↓.
(2)  To station soldiers at place for defense:兵.
Adj(*[zhun1]) (In AC compp. only) 剝 ([tun2bo1]), 否 ([tun2pi3]), 難 ([zhun1nan4]), 質 ([tun2zhi4]), 坎 ([tun2kan3]),all meaning encountering hard knocks in life, buffeted.
Words1.堡 [tun2bao3], n., military outpost. 
2.積 [tun2ji1], v.t., to store up (gold, goods, food supplies). 
3.聚 [tun2jU4], v.i.(of people) flock together, form a crowd (at a place). 
4.墾 [tun2ken3], v.i., open up frontier land. 
5.糧 [tun2liang2], v.i. & n., store(d) up food supplies (chiefly rice); sometimes farm tax on colonizing farmers. 
6.田 [tun2tian2], v.i. & n., to station soldiers on borders, making them raise their own food. 

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ㄠˊ [ao2. [Pop. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA big sea turtle;
oft. a stone turtle supporting a tablet and associated with Hanlin Academy 翰林院:獨佔頭 to come out first in national civil examinations as 狀元.
(1)  Place ahead, time before: 在你之 ahead of you;
未開始之 before it began;
see [xian1qian2]↓.
(2)  A surname.

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ㄒㄧㄢ [xian1 (*ㄒㄧㄢˋ [xian4).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  To precede: 意承志 do things before one is told.
(2)  (pr. *[xian4] in AC classics)To go before, precede: 知所後 to know what should precede, and what follow;
己後人 put self before others;
下手為強 advantage for striking first.
Adj(1)  Ahead in place, before in time, opp. 後 behind: 路 road ahead, those leading;
(2)  The deceased, the late (uncle, mother, husband, wife, etc.): 大夫,府君 my (our) late father;
秦 pre-Chirn period.
(3)  Pertaining to past ages: 聖,賢,哲,[xian1sheng4], [xian1xian2], [xian1zhe2], [xian1bei4]↓.
(4)  Of prime importance or prior in importance: [xian1yao4]↓.
AdvFirst, before (other things): 我吃了 I have eaten already (ahead of dinner hour);
first: 你去 or 在, you go first;
(used after vb.) before: 未去之 before he went away;
發制人(mil.) the advantage of initiative or initial attack, also in social or political fights;
禮後兵 first a courteous exchange of words, then war;
入為主 the first speaker has the advantage to instil certain notions;
入之見 prejudice;
花後果“first flower, then fruit”-first have daughters, then sons;
錢後酒 first pay, then deliver goods;
斬後奏 (general) empowered to kill first then report later;
親後不改 the form of address of a relative does not change if a new relationship develops;
憂後樂 first labor, then enjoy later;
天下之憂而憂,後天下之樂而樂 a leader should plan and worry ahead of the people, and enjoy the fruits after the people.
Words1.輩 [xian1bei4], n., the elder generation. 
2.妣 [xian1bi3], n., my deceased mother. 
3.前 [xian1qian2], adv., in times before: 前不這樣 it was not so before. 
4.期 [xian1qi2](1)  adv., beforehand: 期通知他 inform him beforehand; (2)  in earlier period. 
5.驅 [xian1qU1], n., pioneer, vanguard. 
6.達 [xian1dao4], n., the elder leaders, leaders of the past generation, see [xian1sheng4], [xian1xian2]↓. 
7.導 [xian1dao4], n., pioneer; guide, leader setting example for others. 
8.德 [xian1de2], n., (1) the respected elders; (2) (court.) another's ancestors. 
9.鋒 [xian1feng1], n., vanguard; leader of a movement. 
10.河 [xian1he2], n., (LL) beginnings, breaking of path for others to follow (as the sea can be traced back to the rivers). 
11.後 [xian1hou4](1) adv., successively: 後到會(guests)come in succession; (2) n., order of precedence. 
12.兆 [xian1zhao4], n., omen, foreboding of what is to come. 
13.正 [xian1zheng4], n., see [xian1xian2]↓. 
14.哲 [xian1zhe2], n., wise men of the past. 
15.見 [xian1jian4], n., foresight, vision: 見之明 the ability to discern what is coming. 
16.進 [xian1jin4], n., the forerunners: 進國家 the countries that have progressed ahead. 
17.知 [xian1zhi1], n., prophet, seer. 
18.決 [xian1jUe2]1, adj., first to be determined: 決問題,條件 problem, terms, to be decided first, precondition. 
19.覺 [xian1jUe2]2, n., prophet: 覺 phr., see[xian1zhi1]↑. 
20.君 [xian1jUn1], n., my late father; 令君 your late father. 
21.考 [xian1kao3], n., deceased father; cf. [xian1bi3]↑. 
22.烈 [xian1lie4], n., the martyrs of the past. 
23.例 [xian1li4], n., a precedent: 古無例 unprecedented in history. 
24.令 [xian1ling4], n., (translit.) a shilling. 
25.民 [xian1min2], n., ancestors of a race, primitive forbears. 
26.人 [xian1ren2], n.,ancestors. 
27.容 [xian1rong2], v.i., to speak for person before one contacts or sees persons on business: 為我容 speak for me first. 
28.聖 [xian1sheng4], n., sages of the past. 
29.生 [xian1sheng0], n., (1) teacher; (2)  Mr.(used after surname) 林生 Mr. Lin (or after personal name, which is also courteous among friends and acquaintances: 克強生); 某某生夫人 Mr. & Mrs. So-and-so; (3)  a court. address to scholars, elders: 諸位生 gentlemen (opening address); (4)  as address to literate profession: 賬房生 Mr. treasurer; 風水生 necromancer; 星相生 astrologer; (5)  a singsong girl: 小生 non-adult girl; 大生 adult girl; (6)  reference to husband: 我的,他的生不在家 my ,her, husband is not at home; (7) (in Yuarn Dyn.) a Taoist priest. 
30.聲 [xian1sheng1], n., first signs, herald, precursor (to an event or change). 
31.賢 [xian1xian2], n., wise men; scholars of the past. 
32.行 [xian1xing2], adv., first: 行試辦 try first this arrangement. 
33.手 [xian1shou3], n., the first by turn or in action. 
34.師 [xian1shi1], n., teacher or master of the past: 至聖大成師孔子 Confucius, the ultimate teacher and master. 
35.世 [xian1shi4]1 n., former generations. 
36.事 [xian1shi4]2 adv., first: 事宣傳 begin first with publicity, propaganda. 
37.是 [xian1shi4]3 adv., (LL) to go back to the beginning (introducing background of story). 
38.室 [xian1shi4]4 n., my late wife. 
39.識 [xian1shi4]5 n., foresight. 
40.緒 [xian1xU4], n., ancestral heritage. 
41.史 [xian1shi3], adj., prehistoric: 史時代 prehistoric times. 
42.天 [xian1tian1], n., (1)  born constitution, physique or mental energy; (2) instinctive, inborn, innate (kindness); n., (3)  天性 adj.&. n., (disease) congenital. 
43.頭 [xian1tou2], adv.,(1)  at first: 頭他不知道 at first he did not know; [xian1tou2], adv., (2)  formerly. 
44.策 [xian1ce4], v.t., to foretell, predict (outcome). 
45.慈 [xian1ci2], n., my deceased mother. 
46.澤 [xian1ze2], n., benefits from one'ancestor(s). 
47.子 [xian1zi3], n., (AC) a deceased father, or ancestor or uncle. 
48.王 [xian1wang2], n., (AC) the great kings of past dynasties; 三代王 refers to the great kings of early periods: 禹,湯,文王,武王 of 夏,商,周 Dyns. 
49.務 [xian1wu4], phr., 務之急 first things first. 
50.嚴 [xian1yan2], n., my deceased father. 
51.要 [xian1yao4], n., first essentials. 
52.引 [xian1yin3], n., guide (who leads the way). 
53.塋 [xian1ying2], n., ancestral graveyard. 

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ㄎㄜˋ [ke4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NGram, weight unit: 毫,厘,千 (公斤) milligram, centigram, gram, kilogram.
Aux(AC, LL) can=modn. 能:不分身 cannot leave here;
儉 have capacity for industry and thrift;
紹箕裘 can carry on father's tradition;
如願 could not have it as one wished;
享 can enjoy;
當 be worthy;
堪 be worthy to receive.
VTo overcome, conquer: 難 overcome difficulty, crisis;
柔能剛 softness can overcome strength;
私,欲 overcome selfishness, desires;
己,制,服,[ke4ji3], [ke4zhi4], [ke4fu2], [ke4fu4]↓.
AdjThe very (day): 日,期完成 finish the very day, on set date (also wr. 剋).
Words1.復 [ke4fu4], v.t., recover (lost territory). 
2.服 [ke4fu2], v.t., overcome (difficulty, opposition). 
3.家 [ke4jia1], adj., (AC) be worthy to carry on family fortune; 家子 such worthy son. 
4.己 [ke4ji3], adj., unselfish, or v.i., overcome selfishness; adj., (in business sales) sacrifice, cheap; self-denial. 
5.制 [ke4zhi4], v.t., overcome (feelings, desires), rule over (territory). 
6.拉 [ke4la1], n., (translit.) carat unit of weight (also wr. 卡刺特). 

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ㄎㄜˋ [ke4. [Var. ]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
v(1)  Cut down, reduce, see [ke4kou4]↓.
(2)  Overcome, work against: 制,服;
see 克 10.70;
相生相 ([yin1] and [yang2]) reinforce or counteract each other;
夫,妻 (fortunetelling) destined to mourn husband’s or wife's death.
(3)  As var. of 刻 to carve;
(=苛刻) mean and cruel.
Words1.期 [ke4qi1], phr., on set date (oft in mil. orders). 
2.扣 [ke4kou4], v.t., have illegal “cut”: 扣軍餉 take illegal cut on soldiers’ pay. 

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ㄈㄢˋ [fan4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
Adj(1)  Buddhist: 宮,剎,宇 Buddhist temple;
師 Buddhist monk;
嫂 Buddhist monk's wife (facet.).
(2)  Sanskrit: 文,宇 Sanskrit script, language;
語 Sanskrit language.
Words1.唄 [fan4bei4], n., Buddhist song, singing. 
2.蒂岡 [fan4di4gang1], n., the Vatican, also 諦岡. 
3.國 [fan4guo2], n., India. 
4.眾 [fan4zhong4], n., Buddhist monks. 
5.志 [fan4zhi4], n., Brahma. 
6.天 [fan4tian1], n., one of the three heavens or heavenly states; n.,大天 the highest abode of [fan4wang2]↓. 
7.王 [fan4wang2], n., (Budd.) the King of Heaven. 
8.亞玲 [fan4ya4ling2], n., (translit.) violin, usu. called 小提琴. 
9.音 [fan4yin1], n., the sound of Buddhist incantations. 

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ㄌㄧˊ [li2 (*ㄇㄠˊ [mao2).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Yak's tail.
(2)  Long curly hair.
(3)  The yak (=犛) [li2zhen1], n., (Chin. med.) a needle broader at one end.
Foothill: 山;
(北) foothill on south (north) side.

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ㄌㄨˋ [lu4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄐㄧㄚˊ [jia2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
VNeglect, pay no attention to: 置 ignore.
AdjWithout care or worry: 然 indifferent, unconcerned.

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ㄏㄨㄟˋ [hui4.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  Kindness, compassion, grace: 仁.
(2)  Favor, gift: 恩 s.o.’s kindness, generosity;
give gifts, charity;
,蒙 (court.) be favored with (kindness, gift, letter, etc.).
(3)  A surname.
VGive: 見一票 kindly present me with a vote;
我良多 (LL) have reviewed your many favors.
AdjKind, generous: 音 your kind letter;
政 benevolent policy;
聲 reputation for kindness;
風 mild air or breeze;
而不費 phr., a kind act which does not cost much.
AdvKindly, graciously, be so kind as to: 賜,贈 (court.) so kind as to give;
臨,然肯來 honor(me) with your presence;
顧 (court. of prospective customer) graciously come to our shop, to patronize;
存 (court.) keep as souvenir.

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ㄒㄧㄤˇ [xiang3.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NA thought, thinking, speculation: 思 thought, ideas;
imagination, fantasy, daydream;
speculation, imagination, plan for (novel, etc.);
crazy or absurd idea(s);
天開 phr., have strange, fantastic ideas;
ideal: 理主義 (者) idealism(-t);
法 viewpoints;
thoughts and impressions after reading a book, visiting a country, see also V.i. & t.↓.
V(1)  To think, speculate, suppose: 我 I think;
,休 don't think that;
去 turn over in one's mind, see [xiang3lai2]↓;
開了 to put s.t. out of mind, stop worrying, take it easy;
不開 keep on worrying, commit suicide, cannot put out of one's mind;
通了,不通 have found, cannot find a way out, a suitable solution (to a problem);
當然耳 just a conjecture;
入非非 have daydreams, fantastic ideas, improper thoughts.
(2)  To think of, to remember (oft. followed by adv., 到,起): 虧你得到 how good of you to think of it;
不到她會離開我 never thought she would leave me;
家 be homesick;
得好苦 long for s.o.;
我母親 am thinking of my mother;
remember, recall (a past event), think back (of old days);
錢 think of, be preoccupied with money;
個事做 think of s.t. to do;
點辦法 think of some way to do it;
起一件事 suddenly remember one thing.
(3)  To wish, have a mind to: 我去 I want to go;
不去 don't want to go;
到別處去 I am thinking of going elsewhere.
(4)  Short for“I think,”“I suppose”: 是車誤點了 I think the train is late;
必有緣故 I think there must be a reason;
有問題 I am afraid there might be some hitch;
他不肯 I believe he will not consent.
Words1.碴兒 [xiang3cha2er0], phr., to ruminate (over past errors, events). 
2.起 [xiang3qi3], n., recall (some past event, or s.t. forgotten). 
3.著 [xiang3zhe0], v.i. & t., pres. p. of in all senses, see V.i. &t.↑: 我著他 I am always thinking of him; 著去又著不去 thinking of going one moment, and not going the next. 
4.見 [xiang3jian4], v.i., (1)  (LL) imagine:見其為人 imagine what he was like; (2)  wish to see (s.o.). 
5.來 [xiang3lai2], phr., after thinking, I suppose, I imagine: 來是家裡有人病了 I suppose somebody at home is sick; 來真不應該 when I come to think of it, I really should not have done it. 
6.念 [xiang3nian4], v.t., remember, long for (person, home). 
7.像 [xiang3xiang4] v.i. & n., to imagine, -tion: 像力 imaginative power; 像文學 imaginative literature. 
8.頭 [xiang3tou0], n., (1)  a thought, idea (=念頭):你有這些頭 you have such ideas; (2)  hope,wish: 沒頭 (the matter) is hopeless, there's no more use thinking. 
9.望 [xiang3wang4], v.i., (1)  to hope to, that; (2)  (LL) admire:天下望風采 you are the admiration of the world. 
10.要 [xiang3yao4], phr., want to, feel like: 要回家 want to go home. 

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ㄏㄨㄟˋ [hui4Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  wisdom: 智 ditto.
(2)  (Budd.) intelligence, latent or developed in man, for knowledge of God: 心 wisdom-mind, see 心,劍,根,[hui4xin1], [hui4jian4], [hui4gen1], [hui4yan3]
AdjIntelligent: 聰 bright, (mind, child);
,黠 quick in understanding;
秀外中 (usu. of child, girl) pretty and intelligent;
bright and good (woman).
Words1.根 [hui4gen1], n., (Budd.) born, latent intelligence for understanding God or religious enlightenment. 
2.劍 [hui4jian4], n., (Budd.) the sword of wisdom which cuts through the illusions of material world. 
3.心 [hui4xin1], n., (Budd.)th enlightened mind, wisdom. 
4.眼 [hui4yan3], n., (Budd.) the eye of wisdom, religious insight; (complim.) your penetrating insight. 
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[can2. [Var. of 22A.22]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect

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ㄇㄡˋ [mou4(ㄇㄠˋ [mao4).Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
V(1)  Reward with money, rank. etc.:賞,庸.
(2)  (AC) try hard, endeavor: 維時哉 do your duty well!
AdjSplendid, worthy: 業,績,功 splendid achievement;
典 impressive ceremony.
Words1.遷 [mou4qian1], n., & v.i., trade, barter=貿易90.80. 

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ㄓㄣ [zhen1. [Var. of 21.80; cf. 10.80]Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
N(1)  A surname.
(2)  (Taoist) the true, original, unspoiled character of man: 全,葆 keep the original character;
人,[zhen1ren2], [zhen1jUn1]↓.
AdjReal, genuine, true: 實,[zhen1shi2], [zhen1qUe4]↓;
(opp. to 偽,假) [zhen1wei4]↓;
這玉是的 this jade is genuine;
的事實 real, true facts;
情,[zhen1qing2], [zhen1ji1]↓;
面目 the real or close view of person or thing, dist. hearsay or reputation;
知灼見 insight won from close knowledge of subject;
善美(nn.) the true, the good and the beautiful;
(of portrait, copy) not true to life or to original;
innocent, naive;
,傳 portrait;
also (Japanese) photograph;
AdvReally, truly: [zhen1zheng4]↓;
了不起 he is really marvellous;
的那麼厲害 is he really that capable or ruthless? 你行 you are really wonderful;
大膽,聰明,etc. really daring, clever.
Words1.切 [zhen1qie4], adj., realistic, close to life (description); earnest (appeal). 
2.情 [zhen1qing2], n., (1)  the real facts of a situation; (2)  genuine feeling: 情實意 out of genuine friendship. 
3.除 [zhen1chu2], v.t., to give real post, not merely rank to person: 除部長 confirm as regular minister (person who has been “acting” only). 
4.詮 [zhen1qUan2], n., the real meaning of text or teaching. 
5.確 [zhen1qUe4], adj., true, not false (facts, opinion). 
6.諦 [zhen1di4], n., (Budd.) true meaning of teaching or doctrine. 
7.箇 [zhen1ge4], adv., (esp. MC) really (=的):箇銷魂 (of woman) really captivating; really surrender in love. 
8.箇的 [zhen1ge2de0], adv., ditto. 
9.果 [zhen1guo3], n., (bot.) true. fruit. 
10.正 [zhen1zheng4], adv., really, truly. 
11.跡 [zhen1ji1], n., real handwriting of famous men (not reproduction). 
12.假 [zhen1jia3], n., question of truth in story (“true”or “false”). 
13.珠 [zhen1zhu1], n., pearl (usu.wr. 珍珠). 
14.君 [zhen1jUn1], n., (Taoist) title of immortal or fairy. 
15.空 [zhen1kong1], n., (phys.) vacuum; 空管 vacuum tube. 
16.理 [zhen1li3], n., truth (religious, scientific). 
17.皮 [zhen1pi2], n., (physiol.) real skin, dermis, dist. epidermis. 
18.人 [zhen1ren2], n., (Taoist) a perfect man, an immortal. 
19.如 [zhen1ru2], n., (Budd.) the unconditioned, unchanging reality, dist. changing form and appearance. 
20.相 [zhen1xiang4], n., real condition or aspect of situation. 
21.性 [zhen1xing4], n., the real nature, natural character of man and animals. 
22.心 [zhen1xin1], n., real feeling; adv., genuinely, sincerely: 心信佛 genuinely believe in Buddhism. 
23.書 [zhen1shu1], n., another name for 楷書 the formal script of characters. 
24.率 [zhen1shuai4], adj., genuine, forthright, without affectations. 
25.實 [zhen1shi2], adj. & adv. & n., true, -ly, real, -ly, factual, -ly, (facts, opinions, feelings, etc.). 
26.宰 [zhen1zai3], n., true lord of the universe (莊子) 
27.贓 [zhen1zang1], n., factual evidence (loot, etc.) of burglars. 
28.妄 [zhen1wang4], n., (Budd.) reality and illusion. 
29.偽 [zhen1wei4], n., question of truth (of story). 
30. [zhen1yan4], n., question of genuineness (of painting, etc.) 
31.元 [zhen1yUan2], n., (Taoist) vital spirit of man. 

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ㄗㄜˊ [ze2.Homophone
A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
NOne's duty, responsibility: [ze2ren4]↓;
任心 sense of responsibility;
任感 moral obligation;
無旁貸 duty-bound;
敷衍塞 do things perfunctorily;
official responsibility;
be responsible, have sense of responsibility.
V(1)  To blame, condemn, censure: 詰,詰 chide, rebuke;
問 take to task;